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MySQL Synonym?

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Somebody asked how to create a SYNONYM in MySQL, which is interesting because MySQL doesn’t support synonyms. I thought the prior entry explained how to do it, but here’s a new post. However, you can create a view in one database that relies on a table in another database.

The following SQL statements create two databases and grant appropriate privileges to the student as the root superuser:

/* Create two databases. */
CREATE DATABASE seussdb;
CREATE DATABASE appdb;
 
/* Grant privileges to a student user. */
GRANT ALL ON seussdb.* TO student;
GRANT ALL ON appdb.* TO student;

Log out from the root superuser and reconnect as the student user. Then, the following code connects to the seuss database and create a hat table; and inserts two rows into the hat table:

/* Use the appdb database. */
USE seussdb;
 
/* Create a hat table. */
CREATE TABLE hat
( hat_id    INT UNSIGNED PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT
, hat_text  VARCHAR(20));
 
/* Insert two rows into the hat table. */
INSERT INTO hat (hat_text) VALUES ('Thing 1');
INSERT INTO hat (hat_text) VALUES ('Thing 2');

The following code connects to the application database and creates a hat view; and then the code inserts one additional row into the hat table:

/* Connect to the application database. */
USE appdb;
 
/* Create a hat view. */
CREATE VIEW hat AS
  SELECT * FROM seussdb.hat;
 
/* Query the contents of the view, or seuss.hat table. */
SELECT * FROM hat;
 
/* Insert a new row into the hat table. */
INSERT INTO hat (hat_text) VALUES ('Thing 3');
 
/* Query the contents of the view, after insert to the view. */
SELECT * FROM hat;

The results will be the following:

+--------+----------+
| hat_id | hat_text |
+--------+----------+
|      1 | Thing 1  |
|      2 | Thing 2  |
|      3 | Thing 3  |
+--------+----------+

I hope this answers the question on how to mimic the Oracle database’s synonyms. The appdb.hat view acts as a synonym to the seuss.hat table.

Written by maclochlainn

November 24th, 2013 at 11:10 pm

Posted in MySQL,Oracle,sql

Tagged with ,

One Response to 'MySQL Synonym?'

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  1. The only downside with this, is the same with a VIEW on Oracle, the view is not recomputed when the base table changes. So if you add or remove columns, the view definition becomes stale.

    Real synonym support should be a priority for Oracle for MySQL.

    Justin Swanhart

    24 Nov 13 at 11:57 pm

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