# MacLochlainns Weblog

Michael McLaughlin's Technical Blog

## Excel EOMONTH Function

I fielded a question from blog reader on a three year old post about the EOMONTH (End Of Month) function in Excel. The reader want to write a mega-function (a term for putting two or more functions together to solve a problem, according to Mr. Excel). The function would return the first day of any month for the first day of the month and the first day of the next month for any day after the first day of the last month.

I wrote a quick little solution for the user, as shown below:

 =IF(A1=EOMONTH(A1,-1)+1,EOMONTH(A1,-1)+1,EOMONTH(A1,0)+1)

The results would look like:

The user ran into a problem with the example because the date was being calculated and not an integer value. The formula returned the first day of the next month when it should have returned the first day of the current month. That meant the source value in the cell wasn’t an integer. It was a real number. Integer values in Excel are numeric values for 12:00:00 A.M. of any day, and real numbers can be any time of the day.

Unfortunately, the EOMONTH function is a pseudo-overloaded function, and the EOMONTH function takes an int or double (integer or real number) as it’s parameter. That’s because Excel only supports a NUMBER data type, which can be an integer or real number.

The EOMONTH function always returns an integer. The IF function I provided was designed to compare an integer-based date cell value against the result of the EOMONTH function. It wasn’t robust enough to support a comparison of 11/1/13 at 12:01 A.M. against the result of the EOMONTH function (11/1/13 at 12:00 A.M.). That’s why it returned the first of the next month instead of the first of the current month.

The more complete solution requires using the TRUNC function around the source date (B4 or C4 in the following example) to ensure the IF statement compares dates not time-stamps.

 =IF(TRUNC(B4)=EOMONTH(B4,-1)+1,EOMONTH(B4,-1)+1,EOMONTH(B4,0)+1)

You should note that the TRUNC function effectively rounds down to the integer and removes the fractional portion of the real number before making a comparison. It’s an explicit casting process when we take proactive measures to ensure the value before the IF function compares it.

Written by maclochlainn

July 26th, 2014 at 11:20 pm

## PostgreSQL New Database

with one comment

How time flies, last March I explained how to install and configure PostgreSQL on Windows. It was my intent to start posting more content on PostgreSQL but I was distracted by another writing commitment on Oracle Database 12c PL/SQL Advanced Programming Techniques, which should be available in November. It tempted me away from PostgreSQL because I got to write about how to use Java inside Oracle Database 12c, which was fun. Having completed that, I’m back on task. Here’s the second entry on PostgreSQL. It shows you howto create your own database, database administrator role, user, and how to connect with psql CLI (Command Line Interface) as the new user.

1. Create a user-defined video_db tablespace for your database. This requires that you know where the physical files where created when you installed PostgreSQL. You can discover the directory with the following query:
 SELECT setting AS "Data Location" FROM pg_settings WHERE name = 'data_directory';
 Data Location -------------------------------------- C:/Program Files/PostgreSQL/9.3/data (1 row)

You create the video_db tablespace with the following syntax:

 CREATE TABLESPACE video_db OWNER postgres LOCATION 'C:\Program Files\PostgreSQL\9.3\data';

You can check the presence of the video_db tablespace after creating it with the following query:

 SELECT * FROM pg_tablespace;

It should print:

 spcname | spcowner | spcacl | spcoptions ------------+----------+--------+------------ pg_default | 10 | | pg_global | 10 | | video_db | 10 | | (3 rows)

Itâ€™s important to note for those new to PostgreSQL that the pg_global and pg_default tablespaces are creating when initializing the database. The pg_global holds shared tables and the pg_default holds everything else.

1. Create a database that uses your user-defined video_db tablespace with the following two commands:
 CREATE DATABASE videodb WITH OWNER = postgres ENCODING = 'UTF8' TABLESPACE = video_db LC_COLLATE = 'English_United States.1252' LC_CTYPE = 'English_United States.1252' CONNECTION LIMIT = -1;   COMMENT ON DATABASE videodb IS 'VideoDB';
1. Create a database role, grant the super user privileges to the role, and create a user with the role. You can do that with the following three commands:
 CREATE ROLE dba WITH SUPERUSER;   GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON DATABASE videodb TO dba;   CREATE USER video WITH ROLE dba PASSWORD 'video';
1. Connect to the new videodb database with the psql CLI as the video user. You can do that with the following OS command:
 psql -d videodb -U video
1. Once connected as the new video user, you can use a system information function to determine the current database:
 SELECT current_database();

It should display:

 current_database ------------------ videodb (1 row)

There are many privilege options, and you should choose wisely which ones you use. As always, I hope this answers questions for other users.

Written by maclochlainn

July 24th, 2014 at 3:22 pm

## Hiding a Java Source

with one comment

The ability to deploy Java inside the Oracle database led somebody to conclude that the source isn’t visible in the data catalog. Then, that person found that they were wrong because the Java source is visible when you use a DDL command to CREATE, REPLACE, and COMPILE the Java source. This post discloses how to find the Java source and how to prevent it from being stored in the data catalog.

You can verify that the Java class and source files exist with the following query:

 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 COLUMN object_name FORMAT A20 HEADING "Object Name" COLUMN object_type FORMAT A12 HEADING "Object Type" COLUMN status FORMAT A14 HEADING "Object Status" SELECT object_name , object_type , status FROM user_objects WHERE object_name = 'ReadFile';

It displays:

 Object Name Object Type Object Status -------------------- ------------ -------------- ReadFile JAVA SOURCE VALID ReadFile JAVA CLASS VALID   2 rows selected.

Then, you can use the following query to discovery a Java library created by a SQL command:

 1 2 3 4 5 6 COLUMN line FORMAT 9999 HEADING "Line|#" COLUMN text FORMAT A66 HEADING "Text" SELECT line , text FROM user_source WHERE name = 'ReadFile';

It displays the following:

You can eliminate the source by compiling the Java library outside the database. Then, you use the loadjava utility to load the only the class file into the data catalog. The syntax would be the following command for an importer user in a video Pluggable Database (PDB):

You should know that this syntax is disallowed by the loadjava utility, notwithstanding it’s found in the Oracle Database 12c documentation:

You can verify that only the Java class file exists with the following query:

 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 COLUMN object_name FORMAT A20 HEADING "Object Name" COLUMN object_type FORMAT A12 HEADING "Object Type" COLUMN status FORMAT A14 HEADING "Object Status" SELECT object_name , object_type , status FROM user_objects WHERE object_name = 'ReadFile';

It displays:

 Object Name Object Type Object Status -------------------- ------------ -------------- ReadFile JAVA CLASS VALID   1 row selected.

Hope this helps those who want to hide the Java source files.

Written by maclochlainn

July 22nd, 2014 at 10:23 pm

## Visual Studio Freedom

Some of my students want to learn to write C++ on a Windows OS. At some point, you simply surrender to the fact that many people prefer the Windows OS as a starting point. Traditionally, I’d recommend the Microsoft Visual Studio as their learning vehicle because it’s free to our students because of our relationship with Microsoft. It’s not free to graduates. When a graduate contacts me I recommend Code::Blocks. Just recently, one ask for more than a recommendation. He wanted instructions. These are the instructions.

1. This is the first screen of the Code::Blocks wizard. Click the Next button to continue.

1. This is the license agreement. Click the I Agree button to continue.

1. This screen shows the components to install. The default has all of them checked. I recommend you keep the default. Click the Next button to continue.

1. This screen lets you accept the default install location or to chose another install location. I recommend you keep the default install location. Click the Install button to continue.

1. This screen shows you the extracting and deployment of files. Click the Next button to continue.

1. This indicates that you’ve installed the product, and it now prompts you to run Code::Blocks programscreen shows you the extracting and deployment of files. Click the Yes button to continue.

1. This indicates that the installer detects a GNU GCC Compiler. Click the OK button to continue.

1. This acknowledges the completion of the installation. Click the OK button to continue.

1. This dialog tells you the installation has completed. Click the Next button to continue.

1. This dialog completes the installation. Click the Finish button to end the installation.

Configure Code::Blocks

1. This is the main menu of Code::Blocks application. You need to click the Create a new project link to continue.

1. You should choose a Console application for this example. Double click the Console application icon to continue.

1. This dialog launches the Console page. Check the Skip this page next time and then click the Next button to continue.

1. This dialog lets you choose whether you want to write a C and C++ program. Click the Next button to continue.

1. This dialog lets you choose whether you want to write a C and C++ program. Click the Next button to continue.

1. This dialog lets you choose the compiler, debug, and release configurations. Click the Finish button to continue.

Create and run a program in Code::Blocks

1. This dialog gives you an empty project. Click the Sources item in the list of the Project tab.

1. This dialog adds a main.cpp to the list of the Management console. Click the main.cpp item in the list of the Project tab.

1. After clicking the main.cpp item in the Project list, the Code::Blocks IDE generates the content of the main.cpp file. Click the Green Arrow to run (compile and execute) the main.cpp file. The endl is a defined in std, and like a \n line terminator.

1. A new file hasn’t been compiled (or built), which means you get the following dialog. It wants to know if you want to build the program. Click the Yes button to build the program.

1. After making the file, the Build Log tells you whether the code compiles or not. Click the Run green arrow to run the program.

1. After running a Console application, you’ll see the output of your program in a console window like the following. You can close it by clicking the console window’s close button.

1. After executing the compiled file, the Build Log tells you whether the program compiles successfully or not.

As always, I hope this helps those who read it. Good luck learning to write C/C++ programs.

Written by maclochlainn

July 5th, 2014 at 1:48 am

Posted in C/C++ Programming

Tagged with

When a new update of VMWare comes out, and it is time to upgrade VMWare Tools. Here’s an update on the instructions for upgrading VMWare Tools 6.0.1 through 6.0.4:

1. Navigate to the VMWare Menu, choose Virtual Machine and in the drop down menu Install VMWare Tools. This will mount a virtual CD in the Oracle Unbreakable Linux virtual machine and it launches the following dialog box:

1. Open a terminal session by right clicking anywhere in the desktop, and then choose Open in Terminal from the context menu. You can then run the VMWare Toolkit by following these instructions as the root user:

The instructions for VMWare 6.0.0 through 6.0.2 are:

 cd /media/VMware\ Tools cp VMwareTools-9.6.2-1688356.tar.gz /tmp cd /tmp gunzip VMwareTools-9.6.2-1688356.tar.gz tar -xvf VMwareTools-9.6.2-1688356.tar cd vmware-tools-distrib sudo ./vmware-install.pl

VMWare changed where the VMWare Tools CD are mounted. You can discover it by clicking on the VMware Tools in the left pane (this assumes you log on to Fedora as the student user, and the student user is a sudo-enabled user)

The instructions for VMWare Tools 6.0.4 forward are listed below. Only the first command changes. You should also note that the VMWare Tools library is the same:

 cd /run/media/student/VMware\ Tools cp VMwareTools-9.6.2-1688356.tar.gz /tmp cd /tmp gunzip VMwareTools-9.6.2-1688356.tar.gz tar -xvf VMwareTools-9.6.2-1688356.tar cd vmware-tools-distrib sudo ./vmware-install.pl

The last step requires that you reply to a set of prompts. If you’d like to accept the default at one time, you can use the following command:

 sudo ./vmware-install.pl --default

Lastly, you’ll get these instructions form the Perl script that installs the VMWare tools:

 The configuration of VMware Tools 9.6.2 build-1688356 for Linux for this running kernel completed successfully.   You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take effect.   You can now run VMware Tools by invoking "/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox-cmd" from the command line.   To enable advanced X features (e.g., guest resolution fit, drag and drop, and file and text copy/paste), you will need to do one (or more) of the following: 1. Manually start /usr/bin/vmware-user 2. Log out and log back into your desktop session; and, 3. Restart your X session.   Enjoy,   --the VMware team

Written by maclochlainn

July 3rd, 2014 at 2:00 am

Posted in Fedora,Linux,VMWare

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