Archive for the ‘Mac’ Category
What happens when iPhoto doesn’t export movies? One of two things, you re-install iPhoto and risk losing the movies and photos; or you drop down to the Terminal level and move the files manually before re-installing iPhoto.
Option one is easy, you open iPhoto, choose File from menu, and Export… from the File menu list. When you get to the dialog, change it Kind value to original. If everything is working, you should be able to double click the exported file in a Finder window and launch the program with QuickTime Player.
It’s important to know how to use option two when you’ve copied the movies from your iPhone, iPad, or iPod, and then deleted them. At this point, all you have is a recovery option from your local MacBook, MacBook Pro, or iMac to a safe folder (or command-line directory) before updating iPhoto.
This is how you perform option two:
- Open Finder and navigate to your user’s home directory, left click on Pictures, and then right click on iPhoto Library and choose Open With option from the first floating menu then Terminal on the context (or second) floating menu.
- In the Terminal window, a
pwdcommand will show you the following directory for a user with the name
- Again in the Terminal window, type a
lscommand will show you the following directory structure:
AlbumData.xml Info.plist Projects.db Attachments Library.data ThemeCache Auto Import Library.iPhoto Thumbnails Backup Library6.iPhoto iLifeShared Caches Masters iPhotoAux.db Contents Modified iPhotoLock.data Data Originals iPhotoMain.db Data.noindex Previews Database ProjectDBVersion.plist
- In the Terminal window, change directory to the
Originalsdirectory with this syntax from the previous directory:
- The directory structure can differ because of changes over time. The following is a snapshot example from 2012:
Jun 15, 2012 Jun 21, 2012 Jun 24, 2012 Jul 21, 2012 Sep 3, 2012 Jun 18, 2012 Jun 22, 2012 Jul 4, 2012 Aug 14, 2012 Oct 20, 2012 Jun 19, 2012 Jun 23, 2012 Jul 7, 2012 Aug 24, 2012 Nov 21, 2012
- Change to any of the preceding directories, and copy the
*.MOVfiles to new directory. I’ve elected to copy the files to the following directory or the
someuserhome directory (you can make the directory using the GUI Finder interface):
While the directory structure can differ because of changes in iPhone versions over time. Once you change into one of subdirectories of the
Originals directory, you can move all of the movie files from one of the subdirectories with this command to the
cp *.MOV ~someuser/MovieBackup
It’s possible to move all your files by scripting a more elegant Bash file. As always, I hope this helps those who encounter the problem.
One thing that gets tedious in the IT community and Oracle community is the penchant for Windows only solutions. While Microsoft does an excellent job in certain domains, I remain a loyal Apple customer. By the way, you can install Oracle Client software on Mac OS X and run SQL Developer against any Oracle Database server. You can even run MySQL Workbench and MySQL server natively on the Mac OS X platform, which creates a robust development platform and gives you more testing options with the MySQL monitor (the client software).
Notwithstanding, some Windows users appear to malign Apple and the Mac OS X on compatibility, but they don’t understand that it’s a derivative of the Research Unix, through BSD (Berkeley Software Distribution). This Unix lineage chart illustrates it well:
I’m probably loyal to Apple because in the early 1990’s I worked on Mac OS 6, Mac OS 7, A/UX, NeXTSTEP, and AIX/6000 (Version 3) while working at APL (American President Lines) in Oakland, California. Back then, my desktop was a pricey Macintosh Quadra 950 and today I work on a pricey Mac Pro desktop. The Mac Pro lets me use VMware virtualize development environments for Oracle Linux, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Fedora, and as you might guess Windows 7/8. My question to those dyed in the wool Microsoft users is simple, why would you choose a single user OS like Windows over a multi-user OS like Mac OS X?
In teaching, I had a problem because my students have different base operating systems, like Windows 7, Windows 8, Linux, and Mac OS X. I needed a teaching and lecture platform that would let me teach it all (not to mention support their environments). That meant it had to virtualize any of the following with a portable device:
- Windows 7 or 8 hosting natively an Oracle Database 11g XE, 11g, or 12c and MySQL Database 5.6
- Windows 7 or 8 hosting a Fedora or Oracle Unbreakable Linux VM (3 or 4 GB) with Oracle Database 11g XE, 11g, or 12c and MySQL Database 5.6
- Mac OS X hosting a Fedora or Oracle Unbreakable Linux VM (3 or 4 GB) with Oracle Database 11g XE, 11g, or 12c and MySQL Database 5.6
- Ubuntu hosting a Fedora or Oracle Unbreakable Linux VM (3 or 4 GB) with Oracle Database 11g XE, 11g, or 12c and MySQL Database 5.6
I never considered a manufacturer other than Apple for a laptop since they adopted the Intel chip. Too many of the others sell non-hyperthreaded laptop machines that they market as i5 or i7 64-bit OS machines when they’re not. Some of those vendors disable the hyperthreading facility while others provide motherboards that can’t support hyperthreading. The ones I dislike the most provide a BIOS setting that gives the impression you can enable hyperthreading when you can’t. All Apple devices, MacBook, MacBook Pro, Mac Mini, and Mac Pro do fully support a 64-bit OS and their virtualization.
A MacBook Pro came to mind but the disk space requirements were 1 TB, and that’s too pricey. I went with the Mac Mini because with 16 GB of memory and a 1 TB drive it was only $1,200. Add a wireless keyboard and mighty mouse, and an HDMI and mini-DVI connections, and I had my solution. Naturally, my desktop is a one generation old Mac Pro with 64 GB of memory and 12 TB of disk space, which supports all the virtual machines used for testing. Note to Apple marketing staff: The prior version of the Mac Pro let you pay reasonable (3rd party) prices for the additional memory and disk drives.
The Mac Mini means I can travel anywhere and plug into the console and demo tools and techniques from a myriad set of platforms without the hassle of moving on and off to frequently VM images. It’s a great solution with only one downside, HDMI to DVI sometimes creates purple toned screens. It’s unfortunate because some venues have monitors that don’t support HDMI).
While I try to contain everything about installing MySQL in a single post that I update from time-to-time, Mac OS X, Mountain Lion (10.8.x), requires some pre-steps. You must install XCode, and the Command Line Tools. This post provides the screen shots and step-by-step instructions.
Before you can do any of these steps, you must connect to the Apple Store and download XCode. Dependent on your internet speed this may take some time. Generally, it’s an hour or less.
- After installing XCode, click the Rocket Spaceship in the Mac Dock to launch a view of your Applications. Launch XCode by clicking on the hammer overlaying the blue background XCode icon shown below.
- After launching XCode, click the Install button on the lower right of the System Component Installation screen shown below.
- You’re prompted for your default user (actually a sudoer authorized user) password. Enter it in the dialog and click the OK button to continue.
- After entering the valid credentials and a couple minutes, you should see the System Component Installation screen shown below. Click the Start Using XCode button to continue.
- Inside XCode, click on the XCode menu option and select the Preferences menu option, as shown below.
- You should be on the General tab of XCode’s Preferences dialog. Click on the Downloads tab.
- You should see three choices (at the time of writing) in the Downloads tab. As shown, select the Command Line Tools item. It should take only a couple minutes to download. Click the Install button to continue.
- The Install button disappears and is replaced by an Installed label when the Command Line Tools are installed. You should see the following screen shot.
After completing these steps, return to the other post to install and configure MySQL. While it seems this exists already as content on Apple’s site, it seems some folks wanted me to add it with the step-by-step screen shots.
The first time I had a major failure on my Mac Pro, I lost a 1 TB Seagate drive and ten key virtual machines. It taught me to apply the principles from my production life to my private life. Swapping the fault-prone Seagate drives for Hitachi drives, I began the slow process of rebuilding those virtual environments.
My solution to minimize risk was two fold. First, I put the main 320 GB disk on a time machine backup. Second, I began weekly backups of my virtual machines to two external 2 TB disk drives. After all, I wanted to contain cost.
Paying more attention paid off this week, when I got the flashing drive folder error. It’s the equivalent on the Mac OS X to Microsoft’s Blue Screen of death. This error means the machine can’t find a healthy OS. The problem is that there a number of posts out there, and some aren’t as effective as they appear in solving the problem. More or less, when you see this screen you have two tests before getting a new disk and restoring the image from your time machine.
The first step requires you to reboot the machine that’s stuck looking for an operating system. You can do that by pushing the power button until a reset occurs while simultaneously holding down the Option and key. You’ll know it works if you don’t see the blinking file folder icon and you see a mouse arrow displayed in the screen. It should occur within 5 to no more than 10 seconds after you reboot.
Insert a valid Mac Operating System (OS) disk into the optical drive. It should launch the installation program within 30 to 60 seconds. Click the first proceed button and on the next screen launch the Disk Utility from the displayed menu. In the Disk Utility, click the First Aid tab. Look at the Total Capacity value in the bottom right of the screen. If it provides a numeric value, there’s a hope for your disk recovery. Click on the First Aid tab to try and recover the disk drive. If it provides a zero numeric value, there’s virtually no hope for your disk recovery.
Since the likelihood of recovering the disk at this point is low, buying a new disk is probably the best step. After you’ve ordered the replacement disk, you can boot your Mac in target mode. Target mode allows you to use another Mac and it’s operating system to run your disks (on a Mac Pro, there can be up to 4 disks).
Remove the CD copy of the operating system from the optical drive and push the power button to turn off your non-working Mac. Start the remote Mac and connect the two using a FireWire cable. After the new target machine has finished booting its copy of the OS, push the power button on the machine that can’t find the OS and hold down the T key. In the target machine, open the Finder and inspect which disks are found. If the base disk drive is excluded from the list, as it is in the screen capture on the right, your disk has failed.
At this point, you should definitely buy a new disk unless you’re covered by AppleCare. If the latter, log a ticket and let them fix it. It’s even possible they may be able to recover something from your failed disk. Although, it is unlikely your get any data back if the Mac OS X software can’t recognize the disk.
Your best bet is to recover the image from a time machine restoration. Hopefully, you had an active time machine image not too far before the failure. I did, and it fully recovered everything smoothly. The new disk arrived this morning, and I’m less than 30 minutes from a full recovery. Though that’s unimportant unless I tell you how.
Once you physically install the disk, you reboot the machine that’s stuck looking for an operating system. You push the power button while simultaneously holding down the Option key. Insert a valid Mac Operating System disk into the optical drive. It should launch the installation program within 30 to 60 seconds. Click the first proceed button and on the next screen launch the Disk Utility from the displayed menu. In the Disk Utility, click the Partition tab to partition the new disk. Then, choose to restore from a time machine in the installation program.
Bottom-line: I’m so happy that time machine works so well!!!
Quite some time ago, summer 2008, I wrote a post about how you could embed an image in a cell comment. It was for the then current version of the product – Excel 2007. Here’s a User-Defined Function (UDF) in VBA to perform that trick that works in Excel 2010/2011. A comment on that older post fed my disappointment that Excel 2011 doesn’t even support the navigation but it does perform it with VBA. This includes the UDF to add an image and an ordinary Excel Macro to remove the image when you want to preserve the text.
Let’s assume you have a list of image files in a directory and that you’ve entered their fully qualified or absolute path values column
B of your worksheet. Now you want to load them as comment images in Column
A and insert a value in each column
A cell that describes the comment image.
Unfortunately, as I’ve explained before you can’t assign the image as a property of the cell (or more precisely, I’ve never found a way to do it). If this is wrong, please post the magic here for all to enjoy without a fee or registration. 😉
The following UDF takes a string value to describe the image and a cell reference that holds a string value that holds an absolute file name, which is a logical drive letter (
C:\), a file path, and file name.
Function InsertCommentImage(title As String, cellAddress As Range) Dim commentBox As comment ' Clear any comments before attempting to add them. Application.ActiveCell.ClearComments ' Define the comment as a local variable and assign the file name from the ' cellAddress input parameter to the comment of a cell. Set commentBox = Application.ActiveCell.AddComment With commentBox .Text Text:="" With .Shape .Fill.UserPicture (cellAddress.Value) .ScaleHeight 3#, msoFalse, msoScaleFormTopLeft .ScaleWidth 2.4, msoFalse, msoScaleFromTopLeft End With ' Set the visible to True when you always want the image displayed, and ' to False when you want it displayed only when you click on the cell. .Visible = False End With InsertCommentImage = title End Function
A fully qualified address for the
cellAddress parameter on a PC would look like this in let’s say cell
While it would be like this for the
cellAddress parameter on a Mac OS X installation in cell
You would call this from a cell like this when the text is provided as a string and fully qualified file name is in cell
B1 of a worksheet named
Alternatively, you rewrite
InsertCommentImage() as follows, which takes a string for the cell value and a string for the absolute file name:
Function InsertCommentImage(title As String, absoluteFileName As String) Dim commentBox As Comment ' Clear any comments before attempting to add them. Application.ActiveCell.ClearComments ' Define the comment as a local variable and assign the file name from the ' cellAddress input parameter to the comment of a cell. Set commentBox = Application.ActiveCell.AddComment With commentBox .Text Text:="" With .Shape .Fill.UserPicture (absoluteFileName) .ScaleHeight 3#, msoFalse, msoScaleFormTopLeft .ScaleWidth 2.4, msoFalse, msoScaleFromTopLeft End With ' Set the visible to True when you always want the image displayed, and ' to False when you want it displayed only when you click on the cell. .Visible = False End With InsertCommentImage = title End Function
With the change of the second parameter, you would call the
InsertCommentImage() function with two strings, like:
Here’s how it would look if you’d put the formula in cell
This is a simple Excel macro for which you could create a button. You run it when you want to delete only the image comment from a cell. The macro works by highlighting the cell and running it. Naturally, you could wrap it in another Excel macro to navigate through the list and clean up a bunch of comment images at one time.
Sub RemoveComment() Application.ActiveCell.ClearComments End Sub
If you want to allow the macro to detach all comments for a range, you would rewrite it this way:
Sub RemoveComment() Application.Selection.ClearComments End Sub
As always, I hope this helps and furthers sharing information.
I finally got around to finishing my testing of Excel 2011 querying MySQL. That meant installing and configuring Excel 2011 and MySQL 5.5.9 on Mac OS X (Snow Leopard). While installing Microsoft Office is pretty trivial, installing and configuring MySQL wasn’t. You can read about installing and configuring MySQL here. A quick test after this, led me to discover that you still need a third party ODBC, as covered in this earlier blog. You should take note that Microsoft’s future direction adopts Oracle ODBC, like the approach they’ve chosen with MySQL’s ODBC driver.
I downloaded and installed one of third party ODBC tool sets. I opted for OpenLink Software’s ODBC Driver. Instructions for the install with screen shots are in this blog page. The only downside of this was the discovery that Microsoft’s solution requires Rosetta, like Excel 2008. Rosetta enables Power PC application to run on Intel-based Mac OS X.
Launching the Database icon from Excel 2011, I configured the Data Source Name, which you can find here with screen shots. After you configure the Data Source Name, restarting Excel 2011 is the best choice because otherwise you may see several non-fatal errors.
The following screen shots show you how to establish a connection between Excel 2011 and MySQL, and how to query data from the MySQL database:
- After you click the Database icon, you see the following dialog. Select a Data Source Name and click the OK button to begin a query.
- The OpenLink MySQL Lite Login screen requires the user name and password. Click the Connect button to launch the Microsoft Query, which appears to be a native Power PC application that requires Rosetta to run it
- Microsoft Query appears to be a native Power PC application that requires Rosetta to run it. If you want to enter a query, click the SQL View button.
- Having clicked the SQL View button you now have a work area where you can enter a standard SQL
SELECTstatement, like the one below. Then, you click the Return Data button.
- This dialog lets you select where you want to put the return result set from the query. The default is the absolute cell reference of the top and left most cell,
$A$1. Click the OK button to query and load the data into the worksheet.
- Now you can see the data in the worksheet. The only problem is the extraneous characters returned into the column headers of the table. While tedious, they’re easy to fix. The following illustrates the downloaded result set from the previous query:
- If you perform a query with a join operation, the column names are never displayed whether you provide aliases to the query or not. It means you have to convert the table to a range, remove the false headers, and recreate the table. This appears to be a limitation of Microsoft Query and unlike the behavior in Excel 2010 on Windows. Perhaps it’s all wrapped up in the emulation provided by Rosetta but I couldn’t find any information about what’s happening. That leaves me with pure speculation, which I never like. If you find the reason, post a comment with a link because everyone would benefit.
As always, I hope this helps those who want to work only in the Mac OS X environment. The risk is Rosetta because it will go away, the only question is when and whether the vendors will fix their dependency first or not. The problem with this solution is that Microsoft Query doesn’t return any tables when it appears that it should.
I’d hoped for a better solution with Excel 2011 on Mac OS X but it appears we still need the third party drivers to connect Excel to MySQL. It’s the same as I reported earlier on Excel 2008. Here’s the message and you can click on it to go the web site and links to buy the drivers.
I tried getting away with installing the MySQL Connector/ODBC before downloading one of those recommended by Microsoft. I discovered that it didn’t work.
Therefore, I download and installed the OpenLink Software ODBC Software, instructions with screen shots are in this blog page. I discovered that this software support track isn’t purely native Mac OS X on Intel-based software because it requires Rosetta like Excel 2008. It also only connects with Microsoft Query, which appears to be a Power PC native application too, at least based on the interface and look and feel. I didn’t do much more research because I’ve concluded that connectivity isn’t ready for prime time on the Mac OS X platform. Microsoft still has more work to do.
Installing MySQL 5.5.9 (updated for MySQL 5.5.16 and 5.5.18) on Mac OS X was on my list but it finally made the top. I needed to write instructions for a class that I teach because asking students who own a Mac to install VMWare and Windows before MySQL seems an unnecessary burden. Especially when you can install it directly on Mac OS X.
Mac OS X Mountain Lion (10.8.*) need to install XCode and Command Line Tools before installing MySQL. You can refer to this XCode installation and configuration post for those steps.
You can download MySQL for the Mac OS X. I downloaded the Mac OS X, Version 10.6 (x86, 64-bit) version for this installation. There were a couple shell syntax tricks beyond the instructions and then you need to configure database. That’s required because the database is installed with an unsecured anonymous and root account. After the step-by-step installation instructions, you’ll find the configuration steps to enable you to access the MySQL Monitor from a terminal session. It also configures your
$PATH environment to enable you to start and stop the MySQL Daemon.
- After the download completes, open the file folder in the download directory.
- The open file folder and it will look like the following. Launch the
mysql-5.5.9-osx 10.6-x86_64.pkgfile, which installs the product.
- After launching the executable, you are now on the first page of the Install MySQL 5.5.9 installation application. Click the Continue button.
- This page contains the instructions, you can pause to read them or continue with these instructions. Click the Continue button to proceed.
- This page contains the General Public License (GPL). You agree or stop the installation. Click the Continue button to proceed.
- The following overlay dialog contains your agreement. Click the Agree button to proceed.
- There are fewer options in this installation than the Windows installation. While you can change the installation location, the software installs by default in the
/usr/local/mysqldirectory. The installation requires that you have a
mysqluser account on the operating system, and you don’t need to do anything because one exists as part of the default Mac OS X installation. Click the Install button to proceed.
- This dialog requires the system administrator’s password. Enter the valid password and click the OK button to proceed.
- Depending on the system, this could take more than a minute. All you can do it wait.
- This page tells you that you’ve completed the installation. Click the Close button to proceed.
- This step requires that you return to the download folder, shown in Step #2 above. Launch the
MySQLStartupItem.pkgand you’ll see the following MySQL Startup Item Installer dialog. Click the Continue button to proceed.
- This page contains the instructions for the MySQL Startup software, you can pause to read them or continue with these instructions. Click the Continue button to proceed.
- This page asks if you want to change the directory. I’d recommend you leave it as the default because it requires the System Administrator’s password to start and stop the database. It should also start for you every time you boot the machine. Click the Continue button to proceed.
- Like Step #8, this dialog requires the system administrator’s password. Enter the valid password and click the OK button to proceed.
- You could see a progress dialog box but generally it happens so fast you should land at the Installation was Successful dialog. Click the Close button to proceed.
- This step requires that you return to the download folder, shown in Step #2 above. Launch the
MySQL.prefPaneand you’ll see the following MySQL Preferences dialog. Click the Install button to proceed.
- Like Step #8 and #14, this dialog requires the system administrator’s password. Enter the valid password and click the OK button to proceed.
- Don’t click in the automatic start button unless you’re sure. Otherwise, there’s a lot of cleanup to be able to return to this point and start or stop the server as required. This is the last screen, you should click the Start MySQL Server button to start MySQL. While installing MySQL 5.5.18 I discovered that the service menu is no longer installed in the Preferences, and you must start it manually.
You can start and stop the service by opening your System Preferences, where you’ll find them in the bottom Other row. If the intent was to have it start automatically, sometimes the permissions are incorrect. You’ll get the following error in MySQL 5.5.9 but not in MySQL 5.5.16 because the MySQL DMG file is fixed. You can skip the instructions until you get to Configure User’s Shell Environment below:
"/Library/StartupItems/MySQLCOM" has not been started because it does not have the proper security settings.
You can fix this by changing the permissions manually in a Terminal Session. Launch a Terminal Session from your Utilities folder inside your Applications folder.
Change directory to the
/Library/StartupItems/MySQLCOM directory. Then, list the files. These commands should do the trick for you:
cd /Library/StartupItems/MySQLCOM ls -al
If you see these permissions, you have problem because the group for startup files should be
drwxr-xr-x 4 root staff 136 Jan 20 13:46 . drwxr-xr-x 4 root wheel 136 Feb 9 21:11 .. -rwxr-xr-x 1 root staff 1300 Jan 20 13:46 MySQLCOM -rw-r--r-- 1 root staff 469 Jan 20 13:46 StartupParameters.plist
You can change the files with this command:
sudo chown root:wheel *
However, now you need to step up the directory tree one level to
/Library/StartupItems, and change the ownership of:
drwxr-xr-x 4 root staff 136 Jan 20 13:46 MySQLCOM
There are two commands to do this. The first changes directory by moving to the parent directory in the hierarchy (the parent directory is represented by two dots). The second changes the group ownership of the
cd .. sudo chown root:wheel MySQLCOM
Now you need to configure your shell environment and harden the database. Hardening means securing accounts with passwords. They’re covered in the next two sections.
Configure User’s Shell Environment
Assuming you accepted the defaults, you should be able to copy the required instructions directly into a
.bash_login file if one exists. Unless you’ve created one before there won’t be a file. Mac OS X doesn’t automatically create the file. If you don’t have the file, you can create one with the following syntax:
You can open the file with the
vi editor or a text editor of your choice. MySQL 5.5.9 installed in
/usr/local/mysql, which has changed to
/usr/local/mysql-version as noted below. You can copy the following contents into the file for MySQL 5.5.16 but will need to change the file for earlier or later releases (added
sudo per Don McArthur’s comment):
# Set the MySQL Home environment variable to point to the root directory of the MySQL installation. export set MYSQL_HOME=/usr/local/mysql-5.5.16-osx10.6-x86_64 # Add the /bin directory from the MYSQL_HOME location into your $PATH environment variable. export set PATH=$PATH:$MYSQL_HOME/bin # Create aliases that make it easier for you to manually start and stop the MySQL Daemon. alias mysqlstart="sudo /Library/StartupItems/MySQLCOM start" alias mysqlstop="sudo /Library/StartupItems/MySQLCOM stop"
Changes between MySQL 5.5.16 and 5.5.18 introduce a new directory structure, you need to use the following in the
.bash_login file (added
sudo and status per Don McArthur’s comments):
# Set the MySQL Home environment variable to point to the root directory of the MySQL installation. export set MYSQL_HOME=/usr/local/mysql-5.5.18-osx10.6-x86_64 # Add the /bin directory from the MYSQL_HOME location into your $PATH environment variable. export set PATH=$PATH:$MYSQL_HOME/bin # Create aliases that make it easier for you to manually start and stop the MySQL Daemon. alias mysqlstart="sudo /Library/StartupItems/MySQLCOM/MySQLCOM start" alias mysqlstop="sudo /Library/StartupItems/MySQLCOM/MySQLCOM stop" alias mysqlstatus="ps aux | grep mysql | grep -v grep"
As pointed out by Shashank’s comment, you should now use the following aliases:
alias mysqlstart='sudo /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server start' alias mysqlstop='sudo /usr/local/mysql/support-files/mysql.server stop'
You need to save the file and close and restart a new Terminal session to place these environment variables in scope. You could also run the following to put them in scope without closing and opening the terminal:
The preceding command sources the environment file into active memory. This should configure your environment. After restarting the shell, you should be able to run this command to confirm the new environment:
which -a mysql
It should return:
Secure the Database
This is presently necessary because of the different file structure in a Mac OS X MySQL install, which disables the
mysql_secure_installation file from running successfully. You can manually edit the file or follow these steps.
You need to connect to the database as the privileged super user,
root user. This is simple because the installation doesn’t set any passwords. You open another Terminal session to make these changes or you could install MyPHPAdmin or MySQL Workbench. The tools work as well in fixing the majority of issues.
Once connected to the database as the
root user, you can confirm that passwords aren’t set and an insecure anonymous user account has been previously configured. You do that by connecting to the
mysql database, which is the database catalog for MySQL. You do that by running the following command:
You can query the result set with the following query:
SELECT USER, password, host FROM USER\G
You should see the following output plus the user’s name preceding the
iMac.local) host name value:
*************************** 1. row *************************** user: root password: host: localhost *************************** 2. row *************************** user: root password: host: MacPro.local *************************** 3. row *************************** user: root password: host: 127.0.0.1 *************************** 4. row *************************** user: root password: host: ::1 *************************** 5. row *************************** user: password: host: localhost *************************** 6. row *************************** user: password: host: MacPro.local
You now need to change the password for the
root user. I would suggest that you do this with the SQL command rather than a direct update against the data dictionary tables. The syntax to fix the
root user account require you enter the user name, an
@ symbol, and complete
host values, like:
SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'localhost' = password('cangetin'); SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'MacPro.local' = password('cangetin'); SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'127.0.0.1' = password('cangetin'); SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'::1' = password('cangetin');
You should be able to drop both
anonymous user rows with the following syntax, but I did encounter a problem. Assuming you may likewise encounter the problem, the fix follows the first commands you should try:
DROP USER ''@'localhost'; DROP USER ''@'MacPro.local';
If either of the anonymous accounts remain in the
USER table, you can manually drop them from the database catalog. This syntax will get rid of them:
DELETE FROM USER WHERE LENGTH(USER) = 0;
You’ve completed the configuration and can now type
quit; to exit the MySQL Monitor. To reconnect, you’ll now need a password, like this:
mysql -uroot -pcangetin
Also, don’t forget to use a real password. The one shown here is trivial, which means easy to hack. Use something that others might not guess.
You can copy one of the sample configuration files as a starting point (as provided by Don McArthur’s comment):
sudo cp /usr/local/mysql/support-files/my-huge.cnf /etc/my.cnf
Starting and Stopping the Database
You can manually start the database server with the following command, which you defined as aliases in your
.bash_login shell script:
Stopping it is also straightforward, you do this:
You can check it’s status with this command:
I had a chance (30 minutes) to play with Excel 2011 on the Mac OS X today. I was shocked to discover that Excel 2011 didn’t appear to support User-Defined Functions (UDFs) like Excel 2010 for Windows. My understanding was that this release would be one where it implemented Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) like Windows. Initially I thought it didn’t but I bought my own copy, did a full install with Visual Basic, and it appears that Microsoft has delivered. Oops, my bad for assuming the machine I played on originally had a solid installation. It appears to have had only a standard installation.
Watch out because UDFs fail with a
#NAME! error on a standard install of Excel 2011. While they’re found in the Insert Function dialog in both cases, they only appear to work with a full installation. The downside for Insert Function is that, like Excel 2008, it has no quick poplist to narrow the function choices to groups. We have the big list once more.
Here are my test functions:
Function hello() hello = "Hello World!" End Function Function hellowhom(nameIn As Variant) hellowhom = "Hello " + CStr(nameIn) + "!" End Function
I think I found the trick to get Excel 2011 recognize and run User-Defined Functions. Make sure you do a custom installation and check Visual Basic for Application. Anyway, you can test these functions like that shown below. Column A contains the text of the formulas (a preceding single quote does that), and column B contains actual function calls.
Enabling the Developer ribbon took a few moments when I got my own copy. I figured that updating this was better than making a new post on the blog and linking them. It’s a three step process.
- Navigate to the Excel menu item and select Preferences…, as shown below.
- In the Excel Preferences shown below, click the Ribbon icon.
- In the Show or hide tabs, or drag them into the order you prefer: box shown below, enable the Developer checkbox.
It’s awesome, now accountants and economists can switch to Mac OS X without having to host a virtual machine with Microsoft Excel.