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PostgreSQL Identity Columns

without comments

It’s interesting to see the way different databases implement automatic numbering. Oracle Database 12c is the closest to PostgreSQL in some significant ways. However, its probably more accurate to say Oracle Database 12c copied PostgreSQL’s implementation. At least, that’s my conjecture because Oracle added a way to reset the START WITH value of the indirect sequence. However, I prefer the MySQL approach because the automatic numbering sequence is a property of the table and a simple clause of the CREATE TABLE statement.

Both PostgreSQL and Oracle Database 12c implement automatic numbering as indirect sequences. Indirect sequences are those created by a table when you designate a column as an identity column in Oracle or as a serial column in PostgreSQL. The difference is that PostgreSQL doesn’t provide a syntax version inside the CREATE TABLE semantic.

MySQL provides such syntax. You set an auto numbering column in MySQL by appending the AUTO_INCREMENT clause to the table creation statement when you want it to start with a number other than 1, like this:

CREATE TABLE auto
( id           INT UNSIGNED PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT
, text_field   VARCHAR(30)  NOT NULL
) ENGINE=InnoDB AUTO_INCREMENT=1001 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8;

Oracle disallows you to changing a sequence created as a background activity of the CREATE TABLE statement; and Oracle disallows you dropping an indirect sequence without changing the table that created it, which is exactly how they handle indexes created for unique constraints. Unfortunately, Oracle also disallows altering the START WITH value of any sequence.

If you want to change the START WITH value on an Oracle Database 12c indirect sequence, you must export the table, drop the table, and recreate the table with a new START WITH value before importing the data back into the table. The syntax for setting an IDENTITY column value higher than 1 is:

CREATE TABLE auto
( auto_id     NUMBER GENERATED BY DEFAULT AS IDENTITY (START WITH 1001)
, text_field  VARCHAR2(30)
, CONSTRAINT  auto_pk PRIMARY KEY (auto_id));

You can only create a PostgreSQL table with automatic numbering by using the SERIAL data type, which always sets the initial value to 1. You can reset the SERIAL sequence value in PostgreSQL with the ALTER statement. Unlike Oracle Database 12c, PostgreSQL does let you modify the START WITH value of any sequence. The trick is understanding how to find the sequence name. The name is always the combination of the table name, an underscore, an id string, an underscore, and a seq string. This behavior makes a great case for choosing id as the name of any auto numbering columns in a table.

CREATE TABLE auto
( id          SERIAL      CONSTRAINT auto_pk PRIMARY KEY
, text_field  VARCHAR(30));
 
ALTER SEQUENCE auto_id_seq RESTART WITH 1001;

You can see the table and assigned sequence with the following command in PostgreSQL:

\d+ auto

It should display:

                                                      Table "public.auto"
   Column   |         Type          |                     Modifiers                     | Storage  | Stats target | Description 
------------+-----------------------+---------------------------------------------------+----------+--------------+-------------
 id         | integer               | not null default nextval('auto_id_seq'::regclass) | plain    |              | 
 text_field | character varying(30) |                                                   | extended |              | 
Indexes:
    "auto_pk" PRIMARY KEY, btree (id)
Has OIDs: no

As always, I hope this helps those trying to sort through how to start identity columns above the initial value of 1.

Written by maclochlainn

August 4th, 2017 at 12:52 am

SQL Logic Overkill, again …

with 2 comments

It’s interesting to watch people try to solve problems. For example, the student is required to use a scalar subquery in a SQL lab exercise that I wrote. It should be a simple fix. The problem is structured with an incorrect foreign key value in an external CSV file and the restriction that you can not replace the value in the external CSV file. I hoped that students would see the easiest option was to write a scalar subquery in the SELECT clause to replace the value found in the external file. There’s even a hint about how to use a scalar subquery.

Students who are new to SQL can take very interesting approaches to solve problems. The flexibility of SQL can lead them to solve problems in interesting ways. While the following solution worked to solve the problem, it’s wrong on two levels:

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INSERT INTO TRANSACTION
(SELECT   transaction_s1.NEXTVAL
 ,        tr.transaction_account
 ,        CASE
            WHEN NOT tr.transaction_type =
             (SELECT common_lookup_id
              FROM   common_lookup
              WHERE  common_lookup_table = 'TRANSACTION'
              AND    common_lookup_column = 'TRANSACTION_TYPE'
              AND    common_lookup_type = 'CREDIT') THEN
              cl.common_lookup_id
          END AS transaction_type
 ,        tr.transaction_date
 ,       (tr.transaction_amount / 1.06) AS transaction_amount
 ,        tr.rental_id
 ,        tr.payment_method_type
 ,        tr.payment_account_number
 ,        tr.created_by
 ,        tr.creation_date
 ,        tr.last_updated_by
 ,        tr.last_update_date
 FROM     transaction_reversal tr CROSS JOIN common_lookup cl
 WHERE    cl.common_lookup_table = 'TRANSACTION'
 AND      cl.common_lookup_column = 'TRANSACTION_TYPE'
 AND      cl.common_lookup_type = 'CREDIT');

The CASE statement on lines 4 through 12 substitutes a value only when the source value is not a match. That means if the source file is ever correct a null value would become the transaction_type column value, which would make the statement fail because the transaction_type column is NOT NULL constrained in the target transaction table. Therefore, the logic of the student’s approach requires adding an ELSE clause to the CASE statement for the event that the source file is ever corrected. The modified CASE statement would be =the following:

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 ,        CASE
            WHEN NOT tr.transaction_type =
             (SELECT common_lookup_id
              FROM   common_lookup
              WHERE  common_lookup_table = 'TRANSACTION'
              AND    common_lookup_column = 'TRANSACTION_TYPE'
              AND    common_lookup_type = 'CREDIT') THEN
              cl.common_lookup_id
          ELSE
            tr.transaction_type
          END AS transaction_type

The second element of student thought at issue is the CROSS JOIN to the in-line view. It does one thing right and another wrong. It uses the unique key to identify a single row, which effectively adds all the columns for that one row to all rows returned from the external transaction_reversal table. The CROSS JOIN is a correct approach to adding values for computations to a query when you need those columns for computations. The problem with this CROSS JOIN logic may not be immediately obvious when you write it in ANSI SQL 1992 syntax, but it should become obvious when you replace the inline view with a Common Table Expression (CTE) in ANSI SQL 1999 syntax, like:

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INSERT INTO TRANSACTION
(WITH cte AS
 (SELECT *
  FROM   common_lookup
  WHERE  common_lookup_table = 'TRANSACTION'
  AND    common_lookup_column = 'TRANSACTION_TYPE'
  AND    common_lookup_type = 'CREDIT')
 SELECT   transaction_s1.NEXTVAL
 ,        tr.transaction_account
 ,        cte.common_lookup_id AS transaction_type
 ,        tr.transaction_date
 ,       (tr.transaction_amount / 1.06) AS transaction_amount
 ,        tr.rental_id
 ,        tr.payment_method_type
 ,        tr.payment_account_number
 ,        tr.created_by
 ,        tr.creation_date
 ,        tr.last_updated_by
 ,        tr.last_update_date
 FROM     transaction_reversal tr CROSS JOIN cte);

Unfortunately, you would discover that Oracle Database 11g does not support the use of an ANSI SQL 1999 WITH clause inside as the source for an INSERT statement. Oracle Database 12c does support the use of the ANSI SQL 1999 WITH clause inside a subquery of an INSERT statement. That’s an “Oops!” for Oracle 11g because that means the Oracle database fails to meet the ANSI SQL 1999 compliance test. 😉 Great that they fixed it in Oracle 12c. While the nested query would work in Oracle as an ordinary query (outside of an INSERT statement). It raises the following error when you embed it in an INSERT statement:

ERROR AT line 20:
ORA-32034: unsupported USE OF WITH clause

The WITH clause does highlight a key problem with the idea of a CROSS JOIN in this situation. You don’t need all the columns from the common_lookup table. You only need the common_lookup_id column. That make the CROSS JOIN approach suboptimal if it worked.

The complex logic in the original approach is wasted. That’s true because the common_lookup_id value can be supplied to each row as the value from a scalar subquery. The scalar query runs once and the result is placed in the return set for each row. You implement the scalar subquery in the SELECT clause, like:

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INSERT INTO TRANSACTION
(SELECT   transaction_s1.NEXTVAL
 ,        tr.transaction_account
 ,       (SELECT common_lookup_id
          FROM   common_lookup
          WHERE  common_lookup_table = 'TRANSACTION'
          AND    common_lookup_column = 'TRANSACTION_TYPE'
          AND    common_lookup_type = 'CREDIT') AS transaction_type
 ,        tr.transaction_date
 ,       (tr.transaction_amount / 1.06) AS transaction_amount
 ,        tr.rental_id
 ,        tr.payment_method_type
 ,        tr.payment_account_number
 ,        tr.created_by
 ,        tr.creation_date
 ,        tr.last_updated_by
 ,        tr.last_update_date
 FROM     transaction_reversal tr);

There really was no intent or logical outcome where the value from the original CASE statement would be different than the subquery’s common_lookup_id value. That fact makes adding an ELSE clause useless, and the solution viable though inefficient. Also, there was no need for the additional columns from the common_lookup table because they are unused. The subquery on lines 4 through 8 provides the optimal solution and improved efficiency.

Developers should ask themselves two questions when they write SQL:

  • If my logic is so elegant why do I need it to be so elegant?
  • Is there a simpler solution to provide the desired result set?

If there aren’t good answers to both questions, they should re-write it. I hope the examples answer questions and help folks solve problems.

Written by maclochlainn

July 9th, 2017 at 11:08 am

Oracle SQL Strip Quotes

without comments

Somebody wanted to know how to strip double quotes from strings. Obviously, they’re playing with the DBMS_METADATA package. It’s quite simple, the TRIM function does it, like this:

SELECT TRIM(BOTH '"' FROM '"Hello World!"') AS "Message"
FROM   dual;

It will print:

Hello World!

As always, I hope this helps those looking for a solution.

Written by maclochlainn

June 18th, 2017 at 10:30 am

Reset Oracle Password

without comments

This blog entry shows you how to reset the system password for an Oracle Database. It uses a Linux image running Oracle Database 11g Express Edition. It assumes the student user is the sudoer user.

After you sign on to the student user account, you open a Terminal session and you should see the following:

[student@localhost python]$

The oracle user account should be configured to prevent a login. So, you should use the su command or sudo command to open a terminal shell as the root user.

[student@localhost python]$ sudo sh
[sudo] password for student:

As the root user, you can login as the oracle user with the following command:

su - oracle

and, you should see the following prompt. You can see the present working directory (pwd) with the pwd command:

-bash-4.2$ pwd
/u01/app/oracle

You need to source the oracle_env.sh shell file created by the installation of the Oracle Database during the installation. You have two approaches to source the environment file, the first approach is with a dot (.), like

. /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/xe/bin/oracle_env.sh

or, this

source /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/xe/bin/oracle_env.sh

The oracle_env.sh file contains the following:

export ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/xe
export ORACLE_SID=XE
export NLS_LANG=`$ORACLE_HOME/bin/nls_lang.sh`
export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH

Now, you can connect to the Oracle Database as the internal user with the following command:

sqlplus / as sysdba

Once connected as the internal user, you can reset the system user’s password to “cangetin” with this command:

ALTER USER system IDENTIFIED BY cangetin;

At this point, you can also stop and start the database. You stop the database with this command:

shutdown immediate

You can then start the database with this command:

startup

After setting the system user password, sign out of SQL*Plus. Then, you can type two exits to return to the student user account, like this:

-bash-4.2$ exit
logout
sh-4.2# exit
exit
[student@localhost python]$

As always, I hope this helps those who need to reset the system password when they don’t know what it was to begin with.

Written by maclochlainn

February 21st, 2017 at 3:45 pm

Oracle Diagnostic Queries

without comments

It’s always a challenge when you want to build your own Oracle SQL Tools. I was asked how you could synchronize multiple cursors into a single source. The answer is quite simple, you write an Oracle object type to represent a record structure, an Oracle list of the record structure, and a stored function to return the list of the record structure.

For this example, you create the following table_struct object type and a table_list collection type:

/* Drop the types from most to least dependent. */
DROP TYPE table_list;
DROP TYPE table_struct;
 
/* Create the record type structure. */
CREATE OR REPLACE
  TYPE table_struct IS OBJECT
  ( table_name    VARCHAR2(30)
  , column_cnt    NUMBER
  , row_cnt       NUMBER );
/
 
/* Create the collection of a record type structure. */
CREATE OR REPLACE
  TYPE table_list IS TABLE OF table_struct;
/

The following listing function now reads all table names from the user_tables view. A subordinate cursor reads the user_tab_columns view for the number of columns in a table. A Native Dynamic SQL (NDS) cursor counts the number of rows in each tables found in the .

/* Create the listing function. */
CREATE OR REPLACE
FUNCTION listing RETURN table_list IS
 
  /* Variable list. */
  lv_column_cnt  NUMBER;
  lv_row_cnt     NUMBER;
 
  /* Declare a statement variable. */
  stmt  VARCHAR2(200);
 
  /* Declare a system reference cursor variable. */
  lv_refcursor  SYS_REFCURSOR;
  lv_table_cnt  NUMBER;
 
  /* Declare an output variable.  */
  lv_list  TABLE_LIST := table_list();
 
  /* Declare a table list cursor that excludes APEX tables. */
  CURSOR c IS
    SELECT table_name
    FROM   user_tables
    WHERE  table_name NOT IN
            ('DEPT','EMP','APEX$_ACL','APEX$_WS_WEBPG_SECTIONS','APEX$_WS_ROWS'
            ,'APEX$_WS_HISTORY','APEX$_WS_NOTES','APEX$_WS_LINKS'
            ,'APEX$_WS_TAGS','APEX$_WS_FILES','APEX$_WS_WEBPG_SECTION_HISTORY'
            ,'DEMO_USERS','DEMO_CUSTOMERS','DEMO_ORDERS','DEMO_PRODUCT_INFO'
            ,'DEMO_ORDER_ITEMS','DEMO_STATES');
 
  /* Declare a column count. */
  CURSOR cnt
  ( cv_table_name  VARCHAR2 ) IS
    SELECT   table_name
    ,        COUNT(column_id) AS cnt_columns
    FROM     user_tab_columns
    WHERE    table_name = cv_table_name
    GROUP BY table_name;
 
BEGIN
  /* Read through the data set of non-environment variables. */
  FOR i IN c LOOP
 
    /* Count the columns of a table. */
    FOR j IN cnt(i.table_name) LOOP
      lv_column_cnt := j.cnt_columns;
    END LOOP;
 
    /* Declare a statement. */
    stmt := 'SELECT COUNT(*) AS column_cnt FROM '||i.table_name;
 
    /* Open the cursor and write set to collection. */
    OPEN lv_refcursor FOR stmt;
    LOOP
      FETCH lv_refcursor INTO lv_table_cnt;
      EXIT WHEN lv_refcursor%NOTFOUND; 
      lv_list.EXTEND;
      lv_list(lv_list.COUNT) := table_struct(
                                    table_name => i.table_name
                                  , column_cnt => lv_column_cnt
                                  , row_cnt    => lv_table_cnt );
    END LOOP;
  END LOOP;
 
  RETURN lv_list;
END;
/

The following query pulls the processed data set as the function’s result:

COL table_name   FORMAT A20     HEADING "Table Name"
COL column_cnt   FORMAT 9,999  HEADING "Column #"
COL row_cnt      FORMAT 9,999  HEADING "Row #"
SELECT table_name
,      column_cnt
,      row_cnt
FROM   TABLE(listing);

It returns the following result set:

Table Name	     Column #  Row #
-------------------- -------- ------
SYSTEM_USER		   11	   5
COMMON_LOOKUP		   10	  49
MEMBER			    9	  10
CONTACT 		   10	  18
ADDRESS 		   10	  18
STREET_ADDRESS		    8	  28
TELEPHONE		   11	  18
RENTAL			    8  4,694
ITEM			   14	  93
RENTAL_ITEM		    9  4,703
PRICE			   11	 558
TRANSACTION		   12  4,694
CALENDAR		    9	 300
AIRPORT 		    9	   6
ACCOUNT_LIST		    8	 200
 
15 rows selected.

As always, I hope this helps those trying to work with the Oracle database.

Written by maclochlainn

January 5th, 2017 at 7:28 pm

Multitenant Architecture 12c

without comments

I thought this illustration was an interesting view of Oracle Database 12c’s Multitenant Architecture. It posted on ToadWorld.com today in a new article by Deiby Gomez and I thought it might be interesting for others.

multitenantarchitecture12c

You can see how to provision a pluggable database in this article on provisioning a pluggable database. As always, I hope it helps.

Written by maclochlainn

October 11th, 2016 at 10:07 am

Oracle EBS 12.2 & Ruby

without comments

As does seem to occur from time-to-time, I’m out there in the weeds again and sorting out a solution that fits a customer’s need. They wanted to know if they could write Oracle EBS 12.2 Concurrent Manager Programs in Ruby. They don’t want to write Java.

I checked the documentation, which as is too common, didn’t answer the question. I’m sure if I downloaded the PDF and searched it for one of the languages I knew Oracle supported, I would have found the list of supported languages.

It was simply quicker to query the Oracle EBS 12.2 FND_LOOKUPS table like so:

SELECT   lookup_type
,        lookup_code
,        SUBSTR(meaning,1,30) AS meaning
FROM     fnd_lookups
WHERE    lookup_type = 'CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE'
ORDER BY meaning;

It returns the list of possible types of Oracle EBS 12.2 Concurrent Manager Programs:

LOOKUP_TYPE		   LOOKUP_CODE	MEANING
-------------------------- ------------ ------------------------------
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   X		FlexRpt
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   F		FlexSql
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   H		Host
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   S		Immediate
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   K		Java Concurrent Program
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   J		Java Stored Procedure
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   M		Multi Language Function
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   P		Oracle Reports
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   I		PL/SQL Stored Procedure
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   E		Perl Concurrent Program
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   B		Request Set Stage Function
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   L		SQL*Loader
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   Q		SQL*Plus
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   R		SQL*Report
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   Z		Shutdown Callback
CP_EXECUTION_METHOD_CODE   A		Spawned

That gave me some of the answer. You can’t call Ruby programs directly. However, Perl lets you use Inline::Ruby. You can use Inline:Ruby to call your Ruby programs. So, if you use Perl to wrap Ruby you don’t have to use Java.

Written by maclochlainn

August 23rd, 2016 at 11:50 am

DB_LINK w/o tnsnames.ora

without comments

A question popped up, which I thought was interesting. How can you create a DB_LINK in Oracle without the DBA changing the tnsnames.ora file? It’s actually quite easy, especially if the DBA sets the TNS address name the same as the instance’s service name or in older databases SID value.

  1. Do the following with the tnsping utility:
    tnsping mohawk

    It should return this when the server’s hostname is mohawk and domain name is techtinker.com:

    TNS Ping Utility for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on 26-JUL-2016 16:55:58
     
    Copyright (c) 1997, 2011, Oracle.  All rights reserved.
     
    Used parameter files:
     
     
    Used TNSNAMES adapter to resolve the alias
    Attempting to contact (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = mohawk.techtinker.com)(PORT = 1521)) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVER = DEDICATED) (SERVICE_NAME = ORCL)))
    OK (10 msec)
  1. You can now create a DB_LINK in another Oracle instance without a tnsnames.ora entry by referencing the type of server connection and service name with the following syntax (please note that you should remove extraneous white space):
    CREATE DATABASE LINK test
      CONNECT TO student IDENTIFIED BY student
      USING '(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=mohawk.techtinker.com)(PORT=1521))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVER=DEDICATED)(SERVICE_NAME=ORCL)))'

    In an older database version, you may need to refer to the SID, like this:

    CREATE DATABASE LINK test
      CONNECT TO student IDENTIFIED BY student
      USING '(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=mohawk.techtinker.com)(PORT=1521))(CONNECT_DATA=(SERVER=DEDICATED)(SID=ORCL)))'

    Then, you can query a contact table in the remote instance like this:

    SELECT COUNT(*)
    FROM   contact@test;

As always, I hope this helps somebody trying to solve a problem.

Written by maclochlainn

July 26th, 2016 at 6:15 pm

Can’t Display 256 Colors

without comments

If you’re reading this post, you most likely are trying to run the Oracle Database 11g or 12c runInstaller program, and it’s failing a critical dependency check and displaying an error like the one below. If so, choose n because if you choose y it won’t launch the Oracle Installer.

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...
 
Checking Temp space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 30824 MB    Passed
Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB.   Actual 3967 MB    Passed
Checking monitor: must be configured to display at least 256 colors
    >>> Could not execute auto check for display colors using command /usr/bin/xdpyinfo. Check if the DISPLAY variable is set.    Failed <<<<
 
Some requirement checks failed. You must fulfill these requirements before
 
continuing with the installation,
 
Continue? (y/n) [n] n

The first thing to check is whether you’ve the $TERM environment variable. It’ll be set in your env list but may not be set in your .bashrc file. You can see whether it’s set by running the following command:

echo $TERM

It should return a value, like this:

xterm-256color

If you didn’t get that value, use the env command to lookup the $TERM. The correct value can be found by running the env command like this:

env | grep -i term

Add $TERM environment variable to your .bashrc file and source it after the change or reboot the user’s session:

export TERM=xterm-256color

If it still doesn’t work, some posts ask you to run xclock but you don’t generally install the xhost clients. Those articles assumes you’ve installed the xorg-x11-apps package library. That’s more or less a choice you made when installing the Linux OS. You can check for the presence of the library with the following command as the root user:

rpm -qa xorg-x11-apps

If the command fails to return a result from the search of Red Hat Package Manager (RPM) libraries, you haven’t installed it. You can install it as the root superuser with this syntax:

yum install -y xorg-x11-apps

It should display the following result when successful:

Loaded plugins: langpacks
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package xorg-x11-apps.x86_64 0:7.7-6.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libXaw.so.7()(64bit) for package: xorg-x11-apps-7.7-6.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libXaw.x86_64 0:1.0.12-5.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
 
Dependencies Resolved
 
=================================================================================
 Package              Arch          Version              Repository         Size
=================================================================================
Installing:
 xorg-x11-apps        x86_64        7.7-6.el7            ol7_latest        304 k
Installing for dependencies:
 libXaw               x86_64        1.0.12-5.el7         ol7_latest        190 k
 
Transaction Summary
=================================================================================
Install  1 Package (+1 Dependent package)
 
Total download size: 494 k
Installed size: 1.2 M
Downloading packages:
(1/2): libXaw-1.0.12-5.el7.x86_64.rpm                     | 190 kB  00:00:00     
(2/2): xorg-x11-apps-7.7-6.el7.x86_64.rpm                 | 304 kB  00:00:00     
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                            690 kB/s | 494 kB  00:00:00     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : libXaw-1.0.12-5.el7.x86_64                                    1/2 
  Installing : xorg-x11-apps-7.7-6.el7.x86_64                                2/2 
  Verifying  : libXaw-1.0.12-5.el7.x86_64                                    1/2 
  Verifying  : xorg-x11-apps-7.7-6.el7.x86_64                                2/2 
 
Installed:
  xorg-x11-apps.x86_64 0:7.7-6.el7                                               
 
Dependency Installed:
  libXaw.x86_64 0:1.0.12-5.el7                                                   
 
Complete!

After installing the xorg-x11-apps library packages, you can retry running the Oracle installer. You should now see the following successful message set:

Starting Oracle Universal Installer...
 
Checking Temp space: must be greater than 500 MB.   Actual 30809 MB    Passed
Checking swap space: must be greater than 150 MB.   Actual 3967 MB    Passed
Checking monitor: must be configured to display at least 256 colors.    Actual 16777216    Passed
Preparing to launch Oracle Universal Installer from /tmp/OraInstall2016-06-01_01-50-54AM. Please wait ...

As always, I hope this helps my students and anybody looking for a solution to a less than explicit error message.

Written by maclochlainn

June 1st, 2016 at 2:12 am

Oracle 12c Pre-requisites

without comments

Installing any Oracle database is tedious, but the installing the prerequisites can be especially tedious. This post tries to simplify the process by creating a single prereq.sh file for all the prerequisite libraries, except for the oracle-rdbms-server-12cR1-preinstall, which you should run after the prerequisite file.

The prerequisite file should contain the following:

yum install -y binutils \
               compat-libstdc++-33 \
               compat-libstdc++-33.i686 \
               gcc \
               gcc-c++ \
               glibc \
               glibc.i686 \
               glibc-devel \
               glibc-devel.i686 \
               ksh \
               libgcc \
               libgcc.i686 \
               libstdc++ \
               libstdc++.i686 \
               libstdc++-devel \
               libstdc++-devel.i686 \
               libaio \
               libaio.i686 \
               libaio-devel \
               libaio-devel.i686 \
               libXext \
               libXext.i686 \
               libXtst \
               libXtst.i686 \
               libX11 \
               libX11.i686 \
               libXau \
               libXau.i686 \
               libxcb \
               libxcb.i686 \
               libXi \
               libXi.i686 \
               make \
               sysstat \
               unixODBC \
               unixODBC-devel \
               zlib-devel \
               zlib-devel.i686

You can run the prereq.sh script as the root user like you would source an environment file:

. ./prereq.sh

Dependent upon what you installed when creating the Oracle Linux 7.1 operating system, you should see something like this in the output console:

sh-4.2# . ./prereq.sh
Loaded plugins: langpacks
Package compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package 1:make-3.82-21.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Package sysstat-10.1.5-7.el7.x86_64 already installed and latest version
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package binutils.x86_64 0:2.23.52.0.1-30.el7_1.2 will be updated
---> Package binutils.x86_64 0:2.23.52.0.1-55.el7 will be an update
---> Package compat-libstdc++-33.i686 0:3.2.3-72.el7 will be installed
---> Package gcc.x86_64 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: gcc = 4.8.3-9.el7 for package: gcc-gfortran-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: gcc = 4.8.3-9.el7 for package: libquadmath-devel-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64
---> Package gcc.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: cpp = 4.8.5-4.el7 for package: gcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libgomp = 4.8.5-4.el7 for package: gcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64
---> Package gcc-c++.x86_64 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be updated
---> Package gcc-c++.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be an update
---> Package glibc.x86_64 0:2.17-78.0.1.el7 will be updated
--> Processing Dependency: glibc = 2.17-78.0.1.el7 for package: glibc-headers-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: glibc = 2.17-78.0.1.el7 for package: glibc-common-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64
---> Package glibc.i686 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libfreebl3.so for package: glibc-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libfreebl3.so(NSSRAWHASH_3.12.3) for package: glibc-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.i686
---> Package glibc.x86_64 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6 will be an update
---> Package glibc-devel.x86_64 0:2.17-78.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package glibc-devel.i686 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6 will be installed
---> Package glibc-devel.x86_64 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6 will be an update
---> Package ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-22.el7_1.3 will be installed
---> Package libX11.x86_64 0:1.6.0-2.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package libX11.i686 0:1.6.3-2.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: libX11-common >= 1.6.3-2.el7 for package: libX11-1.6.3-2.el7.i686
---> Package libX11.x86_64 0:1.6.3-2.el7 will be an update
---> Package libXau.i686 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7 will be installed
---> Package libXext.x86_64 0:1.3.2-2.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package libXext.i686 0:1.3.3-3.el7 will be installed
---> Package libXext.x86_64 0:1.3.3-3.el7 will be an update
---> Package libXi.x86_64 0:1.7.2-2.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package libXi.i686 0:1.7.4-2.el7 will be installed
---> Package libXi.x86_64 0:1.7.4-2.el7 will be an update
---> Package libXtst.i686 0:1.2.2-2.1.el7 will be installed
---> Package libaio.x86_64 0:0.3.109-12.el7 will be updated
---> Package libaio.i686 0:0.3.109-13.el7 will be installed
---> Package libaio.x86_64 0:0.3.109-13.el7 will be an update
---> Package libaio-devel.i686 0:0.3.109-13.el7 will be installed
---> Package libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.109-13.el7 will be installed
---> Package libgcc.x86_64 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be updated
---> Package libgcc.i686 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be installed
---> Package libgcc.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be an update
---> Package libstdc++.x86_64 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be updated
---> Package libstdc++.i686 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be installed
---> Package libstdc++.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be an update
---> Package libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be updated
---> Package libstdc++-devel.i686 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be installed
---> Package libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be an update
---> Package libxcb.x86_64 0:1.9-5.el7 will be updated
---> Package libxcb.i686 0:1.11-4.el7 will be installed
---> Package libxcb.x86_64 0:1.11-4.el7 will be an update
---> Package unixODBC.x86_64 0:2.3.1-11.el7 will be installed
---> Package unixODBC-devel.x86_64 0:2.3.1-11.el7 will be installed
---> Package zlib-devel.i686 0:1.2.7-15.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: zlib = 1.2.7-15.el7 for package: zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.i686
--> Processing Dependency: libz.so.1 for package: zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.i686
---> Package zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-15.el7 will be installed
--> Running transaction check
---> Package cpp.x86_64 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be updated
---> Package cpp.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be an update
---> Package gcc-gfortran.x86_64 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be updated
---> Package gcc-gfortran.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be an update
--> Processing Dependency: libgfortran = 4.8.5-4.el7 for package: gcc-gfortran-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: libquadmath = 4.8.5-4.el7 for package: gcc-gfortran-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64
---> Package glibc-common.x86_64 0:2.17-78.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package glibc-common.x86_64 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6 will be an update
---> Package glibc-headers.x86_64 0:2.17-78.0.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package glibc-headers.x86_64 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6 will be an update
---> Package libX11-common.noarch 0:1.6.0-2.1.el7 will be updated
---> Package libX11-common.noarch 0:1.6.3-2.el7 will be an update
---> Package libgomp.x86_64 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be updated
---> Package libgomp.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be an update
---> Package libquadmath-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be updated
---> Package libquadmath-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be an update
---> Package nss-softokn-freebl.x86_64 0:3.16.2.3-12.el7_1 will be updated
---> Package nss-softokn-freebl.i686 0:3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2 will be installed
---> Package nss-softokn-freebl.x86_64 0:3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2 will be an update
---> Package zlib.x86_64 0:1.2.7-13.el7 will be updated
---> Package zlib.i686 0:1.2.7-15.el7 will be installed
---> Package zlib.x86_64 0:1.2.7-15.el7 will be an update
--> Running transaction check
---> Package libgfortran.x86_64 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be updated
---> Package libgfortran.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be an update
---> Package libquadmath.x86_64 0:4.8.3-9.el7 will be updated
---> Package libquadmath.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7 will be an update
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
 
Dependencies Resolved
 
================================================================================
 Package                Arch      Version                   Repository     Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 compat-libstdc++-33    i686      3.2.3-72.el7              ol7_latest    196 k
 glibc                  i686      2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6      ol7_latest    4.2 M
 glibc-devel            i686      2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6      ol7_latest    1.0 M
 ksh                    x86_64    20120801-22.el7_1.3       ol7_latest    880 k
 libX11                 i686      1.6.3-2.el7               ol7_latest    609 k
 libXau                 i686      1.0.8-2.1.el7             ol7_latest     28 k
 libXext                i686      1.3.3-3.el7               ol7_latest     38 k
 libXi                  i686      1.7.4-2.el7               ol7_latest     39 k
 libXtst                i686      1.2.2-2.1.el7             ol7_latest     19 k
 libaio                 i686      0.3.109-13.el7            ol7_latest     24 k
 libaio-devel           i686      0.3.109-13.el7            ol7_latest     12 k
 libaio-devel           x86_64    0.3.109-13.el7            ol7_latest     12 k
 libgcc                 i686      4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest    102 k
 libstdc++              i686      4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest    310 k
 libstdc++-devel        i686      4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest    1.5 M
 libxcb                 i686      1.11-4.el7                ol7_latest    201 k
 unixODBC               x86_64    2.3.1-11.el7              ol7_latest    412 k
 unixODBC-devel         x86_64    2.3.1-11.el7              ol7_latest     54 k
 zlib-devel             i686      1.2.7-15.el7              ol7_latest     49 k
 zlib-devel             x86_64    1.2.7-15.el7              ol7_latest     49 k
Updating:
 binutils               x86_64    2.23.52.0.1-55.el7        ol7_latest    5.0 M
 gcc                    x86_64    4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest     16 M
 gcc-c++                x86_64    4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest    7.2 M
 glibc                  x86_64    2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6      ol7_latest    3.6 M
 glibc-devel            x86_64    2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6      ol7_latest    1.0 M
 libX11                 x86_64    1.6.3-2.el7               ol7_latest    605 k
 libXext                x86_64    1.3.3-3.el7               ol7_latest     38 k
 libXi                  x86_64    1.7.4-2.el7               ol7_latest     39 k
 libaio                 x86_64    0.3.109-13.el7            ol7_latest     24 k
 libgcc                 x86_64    4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest     94 k
 libstdc++              x86_64    4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest    297 k
 libstdc++-devel        x86_64    4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest    1.5 M
 libxcb                 x86_64    1.11-4.el7                ol7_latest    189 k
Installing for dependencies:
 nss-softokn-freebl     i686      3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2       ol7_latest    187 k
 zlib                   i686      1.2.7-15.el7              ol7_latest     90 k
Updating for dependencies:
 cpp                    x86_64    4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest    5.9 M
 gcc-gfortran           x86_64    4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest    6.6 M
 glibc-common           x86_64    2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6      ol7_latest     11 M
 glibc-headers          x86_64    2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6      ol7_latest    662 k
 libX11-common          noarch    1.6.3-2.el7               ol7_latest    161 k
 libgfortran            x86_64    4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest    292 k
 libgomp                x86_64    4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest    130 k
 libquadmath            x86_64    4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest    182 k
 libquadmath-devel      x86_64    4.8.5-4.el7               ol7_latest     45 k
 nss-softokn-freebl     x86_64    3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2       ol7_latest    203 k
 zlib                   x86_64    1.2.7-15.el7              ol7_latest     89 k
 
Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install  20 Packages (+ 2 Dependent packages)
Upgrade  13 Packages (+11 Dependent packages)
 
Total download size: 71 M
Downloading packages:
No Presto metadata available for ol7_latest
(1/46): compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686.rpm          | 196 kB   00:00     
(2/46): binutils-2.23.52.0.1-55.el7.x86_64.rpm             | 5.0 MB   00:01     
(3/46): cpp-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                         | 5.9 MB   00:01     
(4/46): gcc-c++-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                     | 7.2 MB   00:02     
(5/46): gcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                         |  16 MB   00:03     
(6/46): glibc-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.i686.rpm                | 4.2 MB   00:01     
(7/46): gcc-gfortran-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                | 6.6 MB   00:02     
(8/46): glibc-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64.rpm              | 3.6 MB   00:01     
(9/46): glibc-devel-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.i686.rpm          | 1.0 MB   00:00     
(10/46): glibc-devel-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64.rpm       | 1.0 MB   00:00     
(11/46): glibc-headers-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64.rpm     | 662 kB   00:00     
(12/46): ksh-20120801-22.el7_1.3.x86_64.rpm                | 880 kB   00:00     
(13/46): libX11-1.6.3-2.el7.i686.rpm                       | 609 kB   00:00     
(14/46): libX11-1.6.3-2.el7.x86_64.rpm                     | 605 kB   00:00     
(15/46): libX11-common-1.6.3-2.el7.noarch.rpm              | 161 kB   00:00     
(16/46): libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.i686.rpm                     |  28 kB   00:00     
(17/46): libXext-1.3.3-3.el7.i686.rpm                      |  38 kB   00:00     
(18/46): libXext-1.3.3-3.el7.x86_64.rpm                    |  38 kB   00:00     
(19/46): libXi-1.7.4-2.el7.i686.rpm                        |  39 kB   00:00     
(20/46): libXi-1.7.4-2.el7.x86_64.rpm                      |  39 kB   00:00     
(21/46): libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7.i686.rpm                    |  19 kB   00:00     
(22/46): libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.i686.rpm                    |  24 kB   00:00     
(23/46): libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64.rpm                  |  24 kB   00:00     
(24/46): libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.i686.rpm              |  12 kB   00:00     
(25/46): glibc-common-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64.rpm      |  11 MB   00:04     
(26/46): libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64.rpm            |  12 kB   00:00     
(27/46): libgcc-4.8.5-4.el7.i686.rpm                       | 102 kB   00:00     
(28/46): libgfortran-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                | 292 kB   00:00     
(29/46): libgomp-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                    | 130 kB   00:00     
(30/46): libgcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                     |  94 kB   00:00     
(31/46): libquadmath-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                | 182 kB   00:00     
(32/46): libquadmath-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm          |  45 kB   00:00     
(33/46): libstdc++-4.8.5-4.el7.i686.rpm                    | 310 kB   00:00     
(34/46): libstdc++-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                  | 297 kB   00:00     
(35/46): libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.i686.rpm              | 1.5 MB   00:00     
(36/46): libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64.rpm            | 1.5 MB   00:00     
(37/46): libxcb-1.11-4.el7.x86_64.rpm                      | 189 kB   00:00     
(38/46): libxcb-1.11-4.el7.i686.rpm                        | 201 kB   00:00     
(39/46): nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2.x86_64.rpm | 203 kB   00:00     
(40/46): nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2.i686.rpm   | 187 kB   00:00     
(41/46): unixODBC-devel-2.3.1-11.el7.x86_64.rpm            |  54 kB   00:00     
(42/46): unixODBC-2.3.1-11.el7.x86_64.rpm                  | 412 kB   00:00     
(43/46): zlib-1.2.7-15.el7.i686.rpm                        |  90 kB   00:00     
(44/46): zlib-1.2.7-15.el7.x86_64.rpm                      |  89 kB   00:00     
(45/46): zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.x86_64.rpm                |  49 kB   00:00     
(46/46): zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.i686.rpm                  |  49 kB   00:00     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total                                              5.2 MB/s |  71 MB  00:13     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Updating   : libgcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                                   1/70 
  Updating   : glibc-common-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64                    2/70 
  Updating   : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2.x86_64               3/70 
  Updating   : glibc-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64                           4/70 
  Updating   : zlib-1.2.7-15.el7.x86_64                                    5/70 
  Updating   : libquadmath-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                              6/70 
  Updating   : libstdc++-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                                7/70 
  Updating   : glibc-headers-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64                   8/70 
  Updating   : libX11-common-1.6.3-2.el7.noarch                            9/70 
  Installing : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2.i686                10/70 
  Installing : glibc-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.i686                            11/70 
  Installing : libgcc-4.8.5-4.el7.i686                                    12/70 
  Installing : glibc-devel-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.i686                      13/70 
  Updating   : libgfortran-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                             14/70 
  Updating   : cpp-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                                     15/70 
  Updating   : binutils-2.23.52.0.1-55.el7.x86_64                         16/70 
  Updating   : libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64                               17/70 
  Installing : unixODBC-2.3.1-11.el7.x86_64                               18/70 
  Updating   : libgomp-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                                 19/70 
  Updating   : gcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                                     20/70 
  Updating   : libquadmath-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                       21/70 
  Updating   : libxcb-1.11-4.el7.x86_64                                   22/70 
  Updating   : libX11-1.6.3-2.el7.x86_64                                  23/70 
  Updating   : libXext-1.3.3-3.el7.x86_64                                 24/70 
  Updating   : libXi-1.7.4-2.el7.x86_64                                   25/70 
  Updating   : gcc-gfortran-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                            26/70 
  Installing : unixODBC-devel-2.3.1-11.el7.x86_64                         27/70 
  Installing : libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64                         28/70 
  Updating   : glibc-devel-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64                    29/70 
  Updating   : libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                         30/70 
  Installing : zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.x86_64                             31/70 
  Installing : ksh-20120801-22.el7_1.3.x86_64                             32/70 
  Installing : libstdc++-4.8.5-4.el7.i686                                 33/70 
  Installing : libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.i686                           34/70 
  Installing : libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.i686                                  35/70 
  Installing : libxcb-1.11-4.el7.i686                                     36/70 
  Installing : libX11-1.6.3-2.el7.i686                                    37/70 
  Installing : libXext-1.3.3-3.el7.i686                                   38/70 
  Installing : libXi-1.7.4-2.el7.i686                                     39/70 
  Installing : libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.i686                                 40/70 
  Installing : zlib-1.2.7-15.el7.i686                                     41/70 
  Installing : zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.i686                               42/70 
  Installing : libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.i686                           43/70 
  Updating   : gcc-c++-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                                 44/70 
  Installing : libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7.i686                                 45/70 
  Installing : compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686                      46/70 
  Cleanup    : gcc-gfortran-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                            47/70 
  Cleanup    : gcc-c++-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                                 48/70 
  Cleanup    : libgfortran-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                             49/70 
  Cleanup    : libXi-1.7.2-2.1.el7.x86_64                                 50/70 
  Cleanup    : libquadmath-devel-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                       51/70 
  Cleanup    : libstdc++-devel-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                         52/70 
  Cleanup    : gcc-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                                     53/70 
  Cleanup    : glibc-devel-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64                         54/70 
  Cleanup    : binutils-2.23.52.0.1-30.el7_1.2.x86_64                     55/70 
  Cleanup    : cpp-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                                     56/70 
  Cleanup    : libstdc++-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                               57/70 
  Cleanup    : libXext-1.3.2-2.1.el7.x86_64                               58/70 
  Cleanup    : glibc-headers-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64                       59/70 
  Cleanup    : libX11-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64                                60/70 
  Cleanup    : libxcb-1.9-5.el7.x86_64                                    61/70 
  Cleanup    : zlib-1.2.7-13.el7.x86_64                                   62/70 
  Cleanup    : libgomp-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                                 63/70 
  Cleanup    : libquadmath-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                             64/70 
  Cleanup    : libaio-0.3.109-12.el7.x86_64                               65/70 
  Cleanup    : libX11-common-1.6.0-2.1.el7.noarch                         66/70 
  Cleanup    : glibc-common-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64                        67/70 
  Cleanup    : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-12.el7_1.x86_64                68/70 
  Cleanup    : glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64                               69/70 
  Cleanup    : libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                                  70/70 
  Verifying  : libXext-1.3.3-3.el7.x86_64                                  1/70 
  Verifying  : libgcc-4.8.5-4.el7.i686                                     2/70 
  Verifying  : gcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                                      3/70 
  Verifying  : glibc-devel-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.i686                       4/70 
  Verifying  : libXext-1.3.3-3.el7.i686                                    5/70 
  Verifying  : libstdc++-4.8.5-4.el7.i686                                  6/70 
  Verifying  : glibc-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64                           7/70 
  Verifying  : libxcb-1.11-4.el7.i686                                      8/70 
  Verifying  : gcc-c++-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                                  9/70 
  Verifying  : zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.x86_64                             10/70 
  Verifying  : libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.i686                           11/70 
  Verifying  : libX11-1.6.3-2.el7.x86_64                                  12/70 
  Verifying  : glibc-common-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64                   13/70 
  Verifying  : unixODBC-devel-2.3.1-11.el7.x86_64                         14/70 
  Verifying  : libXau-1.0.8-2.1.el7.i686                                  15/70 
  Verifying  : libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.i686                                 16/70 
  Verifying  : zlib-1.2.7-15.el7.x86_64                                   17/70 
  Verifying  : ksh-20120801-22.el7_1.3.x86_64                             18/70 
  Verifying  : libaio-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64                               19/70 
  Verifying  : libXtst-1.2.2-2.1.el7.i686                                 20/70 
  Verifying  : glibc-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.i686                            21/70 
  Verifying  : libstdc++-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                               22/70 
  Verifying  : libX11-common-1.6.3-2.el7.noarch                           23/70 
  Verifying  : zlib-devel-1.2.7-15.el7.i686                               24/70 
  Verifying  : unixODBC-2.3.1-11.el7.x86_64                               25/70 
  Verifying  : libgfortran-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                             26/70 
  Verifying  : libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.i686                           27/70 
  Verifying  : gcc-gfortran-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                            28/70 
  Verifying  : libaio-devel-0.3.109-13.el7.x86_64                         29/70 
  Verifying  : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2.x86_64              30/70 
  Verifying  : glibc-headers-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64                  31/70 
  Verifying  : zlib-1.2.7-15.el7.i686                                     32/70 
  Verifying  : libstdc++-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                         33/70 
  Verifying  : libXi-1.7.4-2.el7.x86_64                                   34/70 
  Verifying  : cpp-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                                     35/70 
  Verifying  : compat-libstdc++-33-3.2.3-72.el7.i686                      36/70 
  Verifying  : libX11-1.6.3-2.el7.i686                                    37/70 
  Verifying  : libgomp-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                                 38/70 
  Verifying  : libgcc-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                                  39/70 
  Verifying  : binutils-2.23.52.0.1-55.el7.x86_64                         40/70 
  Verifying  : libquadmath-devel-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                       41/70 
  Verifying  : libXi-1.7.4-2.el7.i686                                     42/70 
  Verifying  : glibc-devel-2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6.x86_64                    43/70 
  Verifying  : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2.i686                44/70 
  Verifying  : libquadmath-4.8.5-4.el7.x86_64                             45/70 
  Verifying  : libxcb-1.11-4.el7.x86_64                                   46/70 
  Verifying  : glibc-common-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64                        47/70 
  Verifying  : libX11-common-1.6.0-2.1.el7.noarch                         48/70 
  Verifying  : libxcb-1.9-5.el7.x86_64                                    49/70 
  Verifying  : libgfortran-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                             50/70 
  Verifying  : glibc-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64                               51/70 
  Verifying  : libaio-0.3.109-12.el7.x86_64                               52/70 
  Verifying  : cpp-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                                     53/70 
  Verifying  : libstdc++-devel-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                         54/70 
  Verifying  : libX11-1.6.0-2.1.el7.x86_64                                55/70 
  Verifying  : gcc-gfortran-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                            56/70 
  Verifying  : libquadmath-devel-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                       57/70 
  Verifying  : libXi-1.7.2-2.1.el7.x86_64                                 58/70 
  Verifying  : glibc-devel-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64                         59/70 
  Verifying  : gcc-c++-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                                 60/70 
  Verifying  : nss-softokn-freebl-3.16.2.3-12.el7_1.x86_64                61/70 
  Verifying  : libgcc-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                                  62/70 
  Verifying  : binutils-2.23.52.0.1-30.el7_1.2.x86_64                     63/70 
  Verifying  : glibc-headers-2.17-78.0.1.el7.x86_64                       64/70 
  Verifying  : gcc-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                                     65/70 
  Verifying  : zlib-1.2.7-13.el7.x86_64                                   66/70 
  Verifying  : libXext-1.3.2-2.1.el7.x86_64                               67/70 
  Verifying  : libstdc++-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                               68/70 
  Verifying  : libgomp-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                                 69/70 
  Verifying  : libquadmath-4.8.3-9.el7.x86_64                             70/70 
 
Installed:
  compat-libstdc++-33.i686 0:3.2.3-72.el7  glibc.i686 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6    
  glibc-devel.i686 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6  ksh.x86_64 0:20120801-22.el7_1.3     
  libX11.i686 0:1.6.3-2.el7                libXau.i686 0:1.0.8-2.1.el7          
  libXext.i686 0:1.3.3-3.el7               libXi.i686 0:1.7.4-2.el7             
  libXtst.i686 0:1.2.2-2.1.el7             libaio.i686 0:0.3.109-13.el7         
  libaio-devel.i686 0:0.3.109-13.el7       libaio-devel.x86_64 0:0.3.109-13.el7 
  libgcc.i686 0:4.8.5-4.el7                libstdc++.i686 0:4.8.5-4.el7         
  libstdc++-devel.i686 0:4.8.5-4.el7       libxcb.i686 0:1.11-4.el7             
  unixODBC.x86_64 0:2.3.1-11.el7           unixODBC-devel.x86_64 0:2.3.1-11.el7 
  zlib-devel.i686 0:1.2.7-15.el7           zlib-devel.x86_64 0:1.2.7-15.el7     
 
Dependency Installed:
  nss-softokn-freebl.i686 0:3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2     zlib.i686 0:1.2.7-15.el7    
 
Updated:
  binutils.x86_64 0:2.23.52.0.1-55.el7                                          
  gcc.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7                                                      
  gcc-c++.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7                                                  
  glibc.x86_64 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6                                           
  glibc-devel.x86_64 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6                                     
  libX11.x86_64 0:1.6.3-2.el7                                                   
  libXext.x86_64 0:1.3.3-3.el7                                                  
  libXi.x86_64 0:1.7.4-2.el7                                                    
  libaio.x86_64 0:0.3.109-13.el7                                                
  libgcc.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7                                                   
  libstdc++.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7                                                
  libstdc++-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7                                          
  libxcb.x86_64 0:1.11-4.el7                                                    
 
Dependency Updated:
  cpp.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7                                                      
  gcc-gfortran.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7                                             
  glibc-common.x86_64 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6                                    
  glibc-headers.x86_64 0:2.17-106.0.1.el7_2.6                                   
  libX11-common.noarch 0:1.6.3-2.el7                                            
  libgfortran.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7                                              
  libgomp.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7                                                  
  libquadmath.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7                                              
  libquadmath-devel.x86_64 0:4.8.5-4.el7                                        
  nss-softokn-freebl.x86_64 0:3.16.2.3-14.2.el7_2                               
  zlib.x86_64 0:1.2.7-15.el7                                                    
 
Complete!

After you have installed the prerequisites, you install the oracle-dbms-server-12cR1-preinstall library as the root user. You run the command as the root user like this:

yum install -y oracle-dbms-server-12cR1-preinstall

You should see the following when it’s successful:

Loaded plugins: langpacks
adobe-linux-x86_64                                       |  951 B     00:00     
ol7_UEKR3                                                | 1.2 kB     00:00     
ol7_latest                                               | 1.4 kB     00:00     
(1/2): ol7_latest/x86_64/updateinfo                      | 829 kB     00:00     
(2/2): ol7_latest/x86_64/primary                         |  16 MB     00:02     
ol7_latest                                                          14500/14500
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package oracle-rdbms-server-12cR1-preinstall.x86_64 0:1.0-4.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution
 
Dependencies Resolved
 
================================================================================
 Package                                Arch     Version     Repository    Size
================================================================================
Installing:
 oracle-rdbms-server-12cR1-preinstall   x86_64   1.0-4.el7   ol7_latest    18 k
 
Transaction Summary
================================================================================
Install  1 Package
 
Total download size: 18 k
Installed size: 43 k
Downloading packages:
oracle-rdbms-server-12cR1-preinstall-1.0-4.el7.x86_64.rpm  |  18 kB   00:00     
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
  Installing : oracle-rdbms-server-12cR1-preinstall-1.0-4.el7.x86_64        1/1 
  Verifying  : oracle-rdbms-server-12cR1-preinstall-1.0-4.el7.x86_64        1/1 
 
Installed:
  oracle-rdbms-server-12cR1-preinstall.x86_64 0:1.0-4.el7                       
 
Complete!

After running the oracle-dbms-server-12cR1-preinstall library, you can navigate through the Applications, Sundry, and Users and Groups to see the following dialog:

OracleUserCreated

It’s hard to tell from the GUI the oracle user’s group. You can find oracle primary user’s group by checking the /etc/passwd file. You will find that oinstall is the primary user’s group.

As always, I hope this helps those trying to install an Oracle Database 12c instance. Please post a comment if you have a better way to load the pre-requisite packages.

Written by maclochlainn

May 31st, 2016 at 2:44 am