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PHP code to read a PL/SQL reference cursor

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The following demonstrates how to read a PL/SQL reference cursor in a PHP program. The reference cursor function is defined in the Pipelined Functions & PL/SQL Tables blog page. I’ve commented it to the hilt for those new to PHP.

The reference cursor maintains a separate connection to the database to access the reference cursor. You also use the oci_fetch_assoc() function to get the data. That strip_special_characters() function lets you format your call to the PL/SQL program and remove non-parsing line returns and tabs before running the oci_parse() function.

<?php
  // Return successful attempt to connect to the database.
  if ($c = @oci_connect("plsql","plsql","orcl"))
  {
    // Declare input variables.
    (isset($_GET['table'])) ? $table = (int) $_GET['table'] : $table = 'ITEM';
    (isset($_GET['column'])) ? $column = (int) $_GET['column'] : $column = 'ITEM_TYPE';
 
    // Declare a PL/SQL execution command.
    $stmt = "BEGIN
              :return_cursor := get_common_cursor(:table,:column);
            END;";
 
    // Strip special characters to avoid ORA-06550 and PLS-00103 errors.
    $stmt = strip_special_characters($stmt);
 
    // Parse a query through the connection.
    $s = oci_parse($c,$stmt);
 
    // Declare a return cursor for the connection.
    $rc = oci_new_cursor($c);
 
    // Bind PHP variables to the OCI input or in mode variables.
    oci_bind_by_name($s,':table',$table);
    oci_bind_by_name($s,':column',$column);
 
    // Bind PHP variables to the OCI output or in/out mode variable.
    oci_bind_by_name($s,':return_cursor',$rc,-1,OCI_B_CURSOR);
 
    // Execute the PL/SQL statement &amp; reference cursor.
    oci_execute($s);
    oci_execute($rc);
 
    // Print the table header with known labels.
    print '<table border="1" cellpadding="3" cellspacing="0">';
 
    // Set dynamic labels control variable true.
    $label = true;
 
    // Read the contents of the reference cursor.
    while($row = oci_fetch_assoc($rc))
    {
      // Declare header and data variables.
      $header = "";
      $data = "";
 
      // Read the reference cursor into a table.
      foreach ($row as $name => $column)
      {
        // Capture labels for the first row.
        if ($label)
        {
          $header .= '<td class="e">'.$name.'</td>';
          $data .= '<td class="v">'.$column.'</td>';
        }
        else
          $data .= '<td class=v>'.$column.'</td>';
      }
 
      // Print the header row once.
      if ($label)
      {
        print '<tr>'.$header.'</tr>';
        $label = !$label;
      }
 
      // Print the data rows.
      print '<tr>'.$data.'</tr>';
    }
 
    // Print the HTML table close.
    print '</table>';
 
    // Disconnect from database.
    oci_close($c);
  }
  else
  {
    // Assign the OCI error and format double and single quotes.
    $errorMessage = oci_error();
    print htmlentities($errorMessage['message'])."<br />";
  }
 
  // Strip special characters, like carriage or line returns and tabs.
  function strip_special_characters($str)
  {
    $out = "";
    for ($i = 0;$i &lt; strlen($str);$i++)
      if ((ord($str[$i]) != 9) && (ord($str[$i]) != 10) &&
          (ord($str[$i]) != 13))
        $out .= $str[$i];
 
  // Return character only strings.
  return $out; }
?>

Written by maclochlainn

May 12th, 2008 at 5:17 am

Posted in PHP

Tagged with , ,

One Response to 'PHP code to read a PL/SQL reference cursor'

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  1. Nice code

    shaffy

    12 Aug 10 at 1:26 am

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