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PHP OUT mode Parameter

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I saw a post in the OTN forum that asked a simple question and had no simple example as an answer, so I thought it would be nice to provide one. Basically, somebody wanted to know how to call into a stored procedure and return a value with more or less one pass-by-value and another pass-by-reference variable.

This defines a simple echo procedure, which takes a message and returns a formatted message:

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CREATE OR REPLACE PROCEDURE echo
( message IN     VARCHAR2
, reply      OUT VARCHAR2 ) IS
BEGIN
  reply := 'Message ['||message||'] received.';
END;
/

The following PHP calls the procedure and returns the value. It uses the required connection syntax for the Zend Server Community Edition.

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<?php
  // Attempt to connect to your database.
  $c = @oci_connect("student", "student", "localhost/xe");
  if (!$c) {
    print "Sorry! The connection to the database failed. Please try again later.";
    die();
  }
  else {
    // Initialize incoming message whether or not parameter sent.
    $msg_in = (isset($_GET['msg'])) ? $_GET['msg'] : "Cat got your keyboard?";
 
    // Set the call statement, like a SQL statement.
    $sql = "BEGIN echo(:a,:b); END;";
 
    // Prepare the statement and bind the two strings.
    $stmt = oci_parse($c,$sql);
 
    // Bind local variables into PHP statement, you need to size OUT only variables.
    oci_bind_by_name($stmt, ":a", $msg_in);
    oci_bind_by_name($stmt, ":b", $msg_out, 80, SQLT_CHR);
 
    // Execute it and print success or failure message.
    if (oci_execute($stmt)) {
      print $msg_out;
    }
    else {
      print "Sorry, I can't do that Dave...";
    }
    // Free resources.
    oci_free_statement($stmt);
    oci_close($c);
  }
?>

You can then test it with or without a parameter, like this example with a parameter:

http://localhost/message_reply.php?msg="Sample message"

I put a link in the forum to this, and I hope it helps a few folks.

Written by maclochlainn

July 3rd, 2009 at 9:07 pm

Posted in OPAL,Oracle,PHP,pl/sql

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