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Fedora Install of Oracle 11g

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After the installation of Oracle 11g XE on Windows, I anticipated problems installing on Fedora. It’s terrific to report it was by far simpler to install on Fedora. This post provides the steps, and builds on the Fedora configuration published earlier this week.

  1. After you download the software from the Oracle web site, you’ll need to expand the compressed file. When you double click on the download item you will see the following screen. Click Extract at the top of the display.

  1. The Extract displays the following dialog. Click the Create Folder button and you’ll get an entry point for a new directory in your user’s directory. For the example, Oracle11gXE

  1. After creating the directory, click the Extract button.

  1. The extract process completes and shows the following dialog.

  1. The Disk1 directory will show the following contents.

  1. You need to drop down into a Terminal session, which you can launch by clicking on Applications, System Tools, and Terminal in the menu.
sudo rpm -iv oracle-xe-11.2.0-1.0.x86_64.rpm

This command will install the packages in verbose syntax and display the following messages:

[sudo] password for mclaughlinm:
Preparing packages for installation...
oracle-xe-11.2.0-1.0
Executing post-install steps...
You must run '/etc/init.d/oracle-xe configure' as the root user to configure the database.

  1. This step requires that you assume the role of the root user, which can be done with this syntax:
sudo sh

In this root shell, you run the Oracle 11g XE configuration with this command:

/etc/init.d/oracle-xe configure

The following are the text prompts that you accept to configure Oracle 11g XE:

Oracle Database 11g Express Edition Configuration
-------------------------------------------------
This will configure on-boot properties of Oracle Database 11g Express 
Edition.  The following questions will determine whether the database should 
be starting upon system boot, the ports it will use, and the passwords that 
will be used for database accounts.  Press <Enter> to accept the defaults. 
Ctrl-C will abort.
 
Specify the HTTP port that will be used for Oracle Application Express [8080]:
 
Specify a port that will be used for the database listener [1521]:
 
Specify a password to be used for database accounts.  Note that the same
password will be used for SYS and SYSTEM.  Oracle recommends the use of 
different passwords for each database account.  This can be done after 
initial configuration:
Confirm the password:
 
Do you want Oracle Database 11g Express Edition to be started on boot (y/n) [y]:
 
Starting Oracle Net Listener...Done
Configuring database...
Starting Oracle Database 11g Express Edition instance...Done
Installation completed successfully.

After completing the configuration, you need to do two things. First, you need to modify the .bash_profile file for your user (covered in the next step). Second, you need to reboot your system.

  1. This step requires that you exit the root shell by typing the exit command. This should put you back into your administration account with sudoer privileges. You use vi to edit and add the following to the .bashrc file.
You actually have two options here. You can use Oracle’s provided environment file or write your own. According to the Actually, according to the Oracle┬« Database Express Edition Installation Guide 11g Release 2 (11.2) for Linux x86-64 you can do it in one line.

. /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/xe/bin/oracle_env.sh

Or, you can write your own file, like this:

# Oracle Settings
TMP=/tmp; export TMP
TMPDIR=$TMP; export TMPDIR
 
ORACLE_HOSTNAME=localhost.localdomain; export ORACLE_HOSTNAME
ORACLE_UNQNAME=DB11G; export ORACLE_UNQNAME
ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle; export ORACLE_BASE
ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/product/11.2.0/xe; export ORACLE_HOME
ORACLE_SID=XE; export ORACLE_SID
NLS_LANG=`$ORACLE_HOME/bin/nls_lang.sh`; export NLS_LANG
ORACLE_TERM=xterm; export ORACLE_TERM
PATH=/usr/sbin:$PATH; export PATH
PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH; export PATH
 
LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:/lib:/usr/lib; export LD_LIBRARY_PATH
CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/JRE:$ORACLE_HOME/jlib:$ORACLE_HOME/rdbms/jlib; export CLASSPATH
 
if [ $USER = "oracle" ]; then
  if [ $SHELL = "/bin/ksh" ]; then
    ulimit -p 16384
    ulimit -n 65536
  else
    ulimit -u 16384 -n 65536
  fi
fi

You can now log in to the Oracle database with the following syntax from the command line. You’ll be prompted for the system password that you entered during the configuration steps. I’ll add another post on SQL Developer later this week.

sqlplus system

  1. This step is optional. You can configure an oracleenv.sh file in the oracle user’s home directory. While you could put this in the .bashrc file, the oracle account isn’t bootable. That’s why I recommend putting it in an environment file.
# .bashrc
 
# Source global definitions
if [ -f /etc/bashrc ]; then
  . /etc/bashrc
fi
 
# Uncomment the following line if you don't like systemctl's auto-paging feature:
# export SYSTEMD_PAGER=
 
# User specific aliases and functions
. /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/xe/bin/oracle_env.sh
 
# Wrap sqlplus with rlwrap to edit prior lines with the
# up, down, left and right keys.
sqlplus()
{
  if [ "$RLWRAP" = "0" ]; then
    sqlplus "$@"
  else
    rlwrap sqlplus "$@"
  fi
}
 
# Set vi as a command line editor.
set -o vi

If you want to use the menu choices added by the installation, you need to put your privileged sudoer in the dba group. I wrote a blog post on it here.

Written by maclochlainn

September 27th, 2011 at 1:35 am