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MySQL Server-side

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A student question: Does JavaScript make context switching for web-based applications obsolete? Wow! I asked what that meant. He said, it means JavaScript replaces all other server-side programming languages, like PHP, C#, or Python. I asked the student why he believed that. His answer was that’s what two interviewing managers told him.

I thought it would be interesting to put the idea to a test. Below is a Node.js script that acts as a utility that queries the MySQL database with substitution variables in query. It also returns a standard out (stdout) stream of the MySQL query’s results. It also supports three flag and value pairs as arguments, and optionally writes the results of the MySQL query to a log file while still returning result as the stdout value. All errors are written to the standard error (stderr) stream.

The Node.js solution is completely portable between Windows and Linux. You can deploy it to either platform without any edits for Windows case insensitive Command-Line Interface (CLI). Clearly, Node.js offers a replacement for direct interaction with the .NET components in PowerShell. This appears to mean basic Linux shell or PowerShell knowledge is all that’s required to write and deploy JavaScript programs as server-side programming solutions. It means anything that you would have done with the .NET you can do with JavaScript. Likewise, you can replace PHP, C#, Python, or Ruby server-side scripts with JavaScript programs.

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// Declare constants. 
const fs = require('fs') 
const util = require('util') 
const express = require('express') 
const mysql = require('mysql') 
const connection = mysql.createConnection({ 
  host: 'localhost', 
  user: 'student', 
  password: 'student', 
  database: 'studentdb' 
}) 
 
// Declare local variables for case insensitive use. 
var data = '' 
var buffer = Buffer.alloc(0) 
var path = '' 
 
// Declare default query variables dates. 
var startDate = new Date('1980-01-01') 
var endDate = new Date() 
 
// Set default endDate value as tomorrow. 
endDate.setDate(new Date().getDate() + 1) 
 
// Define a regular expression for valid file names. 
var regexp = /^([0-9a-zA-Z]+|[0-9a-zA-Z]+\.+[0-9a-zA-Z]{3})$/ 
 
// Assign dynamic variables from arguments. 
var argv = process.argv.slice(2) 
 
// Check for paired values, evaluate and assign them to local variables. 
if ((argv.length % 2) == 0) { 
 for (let i = 0; i < argv.length; i += 2) { 
   // Assign a file name to write to the output path. 
   if ((argv[i].toLowerCase() == '-f') && (regexp.test(argv[i+1]))) { 
     // Assign present working for Windows or Linux. 
     if (process.platform == 'win32') 
       path = '.\\' + argv[1] 
     else 
       path = './' + argv[1] 
   } 
   // Assign a start date from the input string. 
   else if (argv[i].toLowerCase() == '-b') { 
     startDate = new Date(argv[i+1]) 
   } 
   // Assign a end date from the input string. 
   else if (argv[i].toLowerCase() == '-e') { 
     endDate = new Date(argv[i+1]) 
   } 
 } 
} 
else { 
 console.error('Arguments must be in pairs: flag and value.') 
} 
 
// Define and run MySQL query. 
connection.query("SELECT   i.item_title " + 
                 ",        date_format(i.release_date,'%d-%M-%Y') AS release_date " + 
                 "FROM     item i JOIN common_lookup cl " + 
                 "ON       i.item_type = cl.common_lookup_id " + 
                 "WHERE    cl.common_lookup_type = 'BLU-RAY' " + 
                 "AND      i.release_date BETWEEN ? AND ? " + 
                 "ORDER BY i.release_date" 
                ,[startDate, endDate], function (err, result) { 
 if (err) { 
   console.error('Query contains error ...') 
   console.error('-> ' + err) 
 } 
 else { 
   // Prints the index value in the RowDataPacket. 
   for(let element in result) { 
     data += result[element].item_title + ', ' + result[element].release_date + '\n' 
   } 
   // Write file when data string is not empty. 
   if (data.length > 0 ) { 
     buffer = Buffer.alloc(data.length,data) 
 
     // Check for a defined path before writing a file. 
     if (path.length > 0) { 
       // Open the file. 
       fs.open(path, 'w', function(err, fd) { 
         if (err) { 
           console.error('Could not open [' + path + '] file [' + err + ']') 
         } 
         else { 
           // Write the file. 
           fs.write(fd, buffer, 0, buffer.length, null, function(err) { 
             if (err) 
               console.error('Error writing [' + path + '] file [' + err + ']') 
             fs.close(fd, function() { 
               if (fs.existsSync(path)) { 
                 process.exit(0) 
               } 
             }) 
           }) 
         }   
       }) 
     } 
     // Set standard out (stdout). 
     console.log(data) 
   } 
   else { 
     console.error('Query returned no rows.') 
   } 
 } 
}) 
 
// Close MySQL connection. 
connection.end()

You can call this code with the default values, like

node app.js

You can call this code with a user defined file name, and a custom start and end date values, like

node app.js -f output.csv -b '2001-01-01' -e '2004-12-31'

The latter command returns the following by querying my MySQL studentdb video store:

Star Wars II, 16-May-2002 
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets, 28-May-2002 
Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, 28-May-2002 
Die Another Day, 03-June-2003 
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, 23-October-2004

As always, I hope this helps somebody trying to sort it out.

Written by maclochlainn

August 1st, 2020 at 1:05 am